Immigration and majority voting on income redistribution - is there a case for opposition from natives?
Mayr, Karin (2003) Immigration and majority voting on income redistribution - is there a case for opposition from natives? Working Paper. Coventry: University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation. Working papers (University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation) (No.116).
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This paper examines the effect of immigration on the level of income redistribution via majority voting on the income tax. Immigrants have an impact on redistributive outcomes by adding to the size of different interest groups and by thus changing the composition of the voting population. The tax outcome depends on the skill composition of natives and the initial amount of redistribution in the economy, which in turn determines the skill composition of immigrants. As a main result, we derive conditions for multiple tax equilibria: if the skill composition of natives is not too homogeneous, both a high tax and a low tax outcome is possible if immigrants are allowed to vote. We find that natives will oppose immigrant voting if they are not homogeneous enough in their skills. In that case, immigrants votes could overthrow their majority and change the tax rate that is utility-maximising for natives. At best, natives are indifferent towards immigrant voting. As far as immigration itself is concerned, a native unskilled majority will gain from it and therefore vote for it, if immigrants are relatively more skilled than natives; a native skilled majority will be indifferent.
|Item Type:||Working or Discussion Paper (Working Paper)|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HG Finance
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social Sciences > Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Income distribution, Emigration and immigration -- Economic aspects, Income tax, Utility theory, Equilibrium (Economics)|
|Series Name:||Working papers (University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation)|
|Publisher:||University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation|
|Place of Publication:||Coventry|
|Official Date:||June 2003|
|Number of Pages:||36|
|Status:||Not Peer Reviewed|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
Altonji, J.G. and D. Card (1991), ’The effects of immigration on the labor market outcomes of lessskilled
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