NEUTRALIZATION ESCAPE MUTANTS OF TYPE-A INFLUENZA-VIRUS ARE READILY SELECTED BY ANTISERA FROM MICE IMMUNIZED WITH WHOLE VIRUS - A POSSIBLE MECHANISM FOR ANTIGENIC DRIFT
UNSPECIFIED. (1994) NEUTRALIZATION ESCAPE MUTANTS OF TYPE-A INFLUENZA-VIRUS ARE READILY SELECTED BY ANTISERA FROM MICE IMMUNIZED WITH WHOLE VIRUS - A POSSIBLE MECHANISM FOR ANTIGENIC DRIFT. JOURNAL OF GENERAL VIROLOGY, 75 (Part 12). pp. 3493-3502. ISSN 0022-1317Full text not available from this repository.
It is not fully understood how antigenic drift of the haemagglutinin of type A influenza virus in man occurs in the presence of the expected polyclonal antibody response to the five antigenic sites, A to E. Here we show that 12 % (11/92) of sera from mice which had mounted a secondary immune response to inactivated influenza virus were able to select escape mutants. No escape mutant was selected with serum from nonimmunized mice (0/65). Selection required only a single passage, and escape mutants were identified by their reaction with monoclonal antibodies (MAbs); all but one had altered reactivity at site A. Most of the site A escape mutants (7/10) were conventional in character and did not react in haemagglutination-inhibition (HI) or neutralization assays with the identifying MAb. The HA genes of three of these were part sequenced and had a predicted single amino acid substitution (Gly-144 --> Glu) in site A. The other escape mutants (3/10) had a small (2-fold) reduction in HI and neutralization to the site A MAb, but no amino acid substitution in site A. The final mutant was a conventional site B escape mutant. To model antisera which selected escape mutants, we constructed 'pseudo-immune sera' using mixtures of two neutralizing MAbs in which the first MAb was held at a constant high concentration (1000 HIU/ml). Escape mutants could be selected to the first MAb when the titre of the second MAb was reduced to a low but still inhibiting concentration (1 to 3 HIU/ml). Mixtures of three MAbs also selected escape mutants with similar facility provided that the second and third MAbs were reduced to a similar low concentration. Thus it is possible that the ability of an antiserum to select escape mutants is due to the neutralizing antibody response being biased to an epitope/cross-reacting epitopes within a single antigenic site. However, when escape mutants were reacted in HI assay with their selecting antiserum, the maximum difference from the titre with wt virus was 75 %. The findings of this study may be relevant to the understanding of antigenic drift in type A human influenza virus, and to immune-driven antigenic variation in other virus infections.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR355 Virology
|Journal or Publication Title:||JOURNAL OF GENERAL VIROLOGY|
|Publisher:||SOC GENERAL MICROBIOLOGY|
|Number of Pages:||10|
|Page Range:||pp. 3493-3502|
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