Trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights: will the Uruguay round consensus hold?
Matthews, Duncan, 1965- (2002) Trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights: will the Uruguay round consensus hold? Working Paper. Coventry: University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation. (Working papers (University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation)).
WRAP_Matthews_wp9902.pdf - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Official URL: http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/csgr/research/wo...
This paper reviews the building of a consensus in favour of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (the TRIPs Agreement) during the Uruguay Round negotiations. The paper then argues that, at a time when the impact of TRIPs is becoming more widely understood in the developing world, the concentration of interests that secured the Agreement is now under pressure from a range of sources. The paper identifies institutions in the United States and Europe as playing a significant role as gatekeepers, balancing intellectual property interests against wider priorities in international diplomacy. The paper then suggests that the consensus between the United States and Europe has itself started to erode as a result of a series of on-going disputes. There has also been a fragmentation of the cross-sector industry consensus that led to business support for the TRIPs Agreement, while new actors whose views were peripheral to the Uruguay Round negotiations have now entered the debate on the impact of TRIPs. Finally, there are indications that, in interpreting the scope and meaning of the Agreement, WTO Dispute Settlement Panels themselves may be prepared to support a narrower interpretation of the TRIPs Agreement than the consensus builders first envisaged.
|Item Type:||Working or Discussion Paper (Working Paper)|
|Subjects:||J Political Science > JX International law|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social Sciences > Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||World Trade Organization, Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (1994), Intellectual property (International law), International trade, Developing countries -- Economic conditions|
|Series Name:||Working papers (University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation)|
|Publisher:||University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation|
|Place of Publication:||Coventry|
|Number of Pages:||41|
|Status:||Not Peer Reviewed|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
|Funder:||Economic and Social Research Council (Great Britain) (ESRC)|
|References:||Abbott, F.M. (1996) ‘The WTO TRIPS Agreement and Global Economic Development’, Chicago Kent Law Review 72: 385-404. —— (2001) ‘The TRIPs Agreement, Access to Medicines and the WTO Doha Ministerial Conference, Florida State University College of Law, Public Law and Legal Theory Working Paper No. 36. Anon. (1999) ‘Seattle Leaves Issues Unresolved’, Managing Intellectual Property 95: 5. Bello, J.H. (1997) ‘Some Practical Observations About WTO Settlement of Intellectual Property Disputes’, Virginia Journal of International Law 37: 336-367. Blakeney, M. (1995) ‘Intellectual Property in World Trade’, International Trade Law and Regulation 1, 3: 76-81. —— (1996) Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights: A Concise Guide to the TRIPs Agreement, London: Sweet and Maxwell. —— (2001) ‘Intellectual Property in the Millennium Round – the TRIPs Agreement After Seattle, in Fletcher, I., Mistelis, L. and Cremona, M. Foundations and Perspectives of International Trade Law, London: Sweet and Maxwell. Braithwaite J. and Drahos, P. (2000) Global Business Regulation, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Dessler, D. (1995) ‘China’s Intellectual Property Protection: Prospects for Achieving International Standards’, Fordham International Law Journal 19: 181-246. Dörmer, S. (2000) ‘Dispute Settlement and New Developments Within the Framework of TRIPs – An Interim Review’, International Review of Industrial Property and Copyright Law 31,1: 1-36. Drahos, P. (1995) ‘Global Property Rights in Information: The Story of TRIPs at the GATT’, Prometheus 13, 1: 6-19. —— (1997) ‘Thinking Strategically About Intellectual Property Rights’, Telecommunications Policy 21, 3: 201-211. Durán, E. and Michalopoulos, C. (1999) ‘Intellectual Property Rights and Developing Countries in the WTO Millennium Round’, Journal of World Intellectual Property 2, 6: 853- 874. Enyart, J.R. (1990) ‘A GATT Intellectual Property Code’, les Nouvelles June: 53-56. Evans, G.E. (1994) ‘Intellectual Property as a Trade Issue: the Making of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights’, World Competition 18, 2: 137-180. Gerhart, P.M. (2000) ‘Why Lawmaking for Global Intellectual Property is Unbalanced’, European Intellectual Property Review 22, 7: 309-313. Geuze, M. and Wager, H. (1999) ‘WTO Dispute Settlement Practice Relating to the TRIPs Agreement’, Journal of International Economic Law: 347-384. Gorlin, J. (1999) An Analysis of the Pharmaceutical-related Provisions of the WTO TRIPs (Intellectual Property) Agreement, London: Intellectual Property Institute. Grubb, P.W. (1999) Patents for Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals and Biotechnology. Fundamentals of Global Law, Practice and Strategy, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Gutowski, R.J. (1999) ‘The Marriage of Intellectual Property and International Trade in the TRIPs Agreement: Strange Bedfellows or a Match Made in Heaven?’, Buffalo Law Review 47: 713-761. IIPA (1985) Piracy of US Counterfeited Goods in Ten Selected Countries, Washington DC: IIPA. —— (1998) Special 301 Recommendations Submitted to the United States Trade Representative on 23 February 1998, Washington DC: IIPA. International Trademark Association (1999) ‘Developing Countries’ Compliance with the TRIPS Agreement’, http://inta.org/TRIPS2000.htm (8 February 2001). Macdonald-Brown, C. and Ferera, L. (1998) ‘First WTO Decision on TRIPs’ European Intellectual Property Review 2: 69-73. Maskus, K.E. (2000) Intellectual Property Rights in the Global Economy, Washington D.C.: Institute for International Economics. May, C. (2000) A Global Political Economy of Intellectual Property Rights. The new enclosures?, London: Routledge. Newell, P. (2000) ‘Environmental NGOs and Globalization: The Governance of TNCs’, in Cohen, R. and Rai, S.M. (eds.) Global Social Movements, London: Athlone Press. O’Regan, M. (1995) ‘The Protection of Intellectual Property, International Trade and the European Community: The Impact of the TRIPS Agreement of the Uruguay Round of the Multilateral Trade Negotiations’, Legal Issues in European Integration 2: 1-50. Pacón, A.M. (1996) ‘What will TRIPS do for Developing Countries?’, in Beier, F-K and Schreiker, G. ‘From GATT to TRIPs: the Agreement on Trade-related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights’, Special Edition International Review of Industrial Property and Copyright Law 18: 329-357. Reichman, J.H. (1995) ‘Universal Minimum Standards of Intellectual Property Protection under the TRIPs Component of the WTO Agreement’, The International Lawyer, 29, 2: 345- 390. —— (1996) ‘Compliance with the TRIPs Agreement: Introduction to a Scholarly Debate’, Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law 29,3: 366-390. —— (1998) ‘Securing Compliance with the TRIPs Agreement after US v India’, Journal of International Economic Law 1,4: 585-601. Ryan, M.P. (1998) Knowledge Diplomacy: Global Competition and the Politics of Intellectual Property, Washington DC: The Brookings Institution. Sell, S.K. (1995) ‘The Origins of a Trade-Based Approach to Intellectual Property Protection: the Role of Industry Associations’, Science Communication 17, 2: 163-185. —— (1998) Power and Ideas. The North-South Politics of Intellectual Property and Antitrust, New York: State University of New York Press. Stewart, T.P. (ed.) (1993) The GATT Uruguay Round. A Negotiating History (1986-1992), Deventer, Netherlands: Kluwer Law and Taxation Publishers. Tancer, R.S. and Tancer, S.B. (1999) ‘TRIPS in the Millennium Round’, Journal of World Intellectual Property 2, 6: 889- 910. Watal, J. (1999) ‘TRIPS and the 1999 WTO Millennium Round’, Journal of World Intellectual Property 3, 1: 1-29. Waters, D.M. (1996) ‘Enforcement: an industrial view’, Chartered Institute of Patent Agents Journal 25: 766-772. Weissman, R. (1996) ‘A Long, Strange TRIPs: The Pharmaceutical Industry Drive to Harmonize Global Intellectual Property Rules, and the Remaining WTO Legal Alternatives Available to Third World Countries’, University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Economic Law 17, 4: 1069-1125. Wilder, R. (2001) ‘Global Harmonisation of Intellectual Property’, in Fletcher, I., Mistelis, L. and Cremona, M. Foundations and Perspectives of International Trade Law, London: Sweet and Maxwell. Wooldridge, F. (1997) TRIPS and Enforcement, London: Intellectual Property Institute.|
Actions (login required)