Conditionality, separation, and open rules in multilateral institutions
Conconi, Paola (2001) Conditionality, separation, and open rules in multilateral institutions. Working Paper. Coventry: University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation. (Working papers (University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation)).
WRAP_Conconi_wp8501.pdf - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Official URL: http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/csgr/research/wo...
We examine the implications for the viability of multilateral cooperation of different legal principles governing how separate international agreements relate to each other. We contrast three alternative legal regimes: conditionality - making cooperation in one area a condition for cooperation in another - separation - forbidding sanctions in one area to be used to enforce cooperation in others - and open rules, i.e. absence of any restriction on the patterns of cross-issue cooperation arrangements and sanctions. As an example, we focus on a scenario where countries can enter into selective and separate binding trade and environmental agreements with different partners. Our analysis suggests that conditionality is more likely to facilitate multilateral, multi-issue cooperation in situations where the environmental policy stakes are small relative to the welfare effects of trade policies; when the costs of environmental compliance are high, a conditionality rule can hinder multilateral cooperation. Separation can undermine cooperation by limiting punishment, but can also promote broad cooperation by making partial cooperation more diffcult to sustain. Thus, how different linkage regimes affect multilateral negotiations depends on the structure of cooperation incentives for the countries involved.
|Item Type:||Working or Discussion Paper (Working Paper)|
|Subjects:||J Political Science > JX International law|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social Sciences > Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||International cooperation, Conditionality (International relations), Separation of powers, International law, Environmental law, International|
|Series Name:||Working papers (University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation)|
|Publisher:||University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation|
|Place of Publication:||Coventry|
|Number of Pages:||27|
|Status:||Not Peer Reviewed|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
|References:||Abrego, L.E., C. Perroni, J. Whalley, and R.M. Wigle, 2001, “Trade and environment: bargaining outcomes from linked negotiations,” Review of International Economics 9, 414-428. Bagwell, K., and R.W. Staiger, 1997, Multilateral tari¤ cooperation during the formation of regional Free Trade Areas, International Economic Review 38, 291-319. Barrett, S., 1994, Self-enforcing international environmental agreements, Oxford Economic Papers 46, 878-894. Bond, E., and C. Syropoulos, 1996, Trading blocs and the sustainability of interregional cooperation, in Canzoneri, M.B., W.J. Ethier, and V. Grilli (eds.), The new transatlantic economy (Cambridge University Press), 118-141. Brack, D., 1997, Trade and environment: con‡ict or compatibility? (The Royal Institute of International A¤airs, London). Carraro, C., and D. Siniscalco, 1993, Strategies for the protection of the environment, Journal of Public Economics 52, 309-328. Carraro, C., and D. Siniscalco, 1994, Policy coordination for sustainability: commitments, transfers, and linked negotiations, in I. Goldin, and A. Winters, eds., The economics of sustainable development (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge), 264-282. Cesar, H., and A. de Zeeuw, 1996, Issue Linkage in Global Environmental Problems, in Xepapadeas, A. (ed.), Economic policy for the environment and natural resources: techniques for the management and control of pollution (Elgar, Cheltenham, U.K. and Lyme, N.H), 158-173. Chander, P., and H. Tulkens, 1992, Theoretical foundations of negotiations and cost sharing in transfrontier pollution problems, European Economic Review 36, 388- 98. Conconi, P., and Perroni, C., 2001, Issue linkage and issue tie-in in multilateral negotiations, forthcoming, Journal of International Economics. Copeland, C., 1990, Strategic interaction among nations: negotiable and non-negotiable trade barriers, Canadian Journal of Economics 23, 84-108. Ederington, J., 2001, International coordination of trade and domestic policies, forthcoming, American Economic Review. Feddersen, C.T., 1998, Focusing on substantive law in international economic relations: the public morals of GATT’s Article XX(a) and “conventional” rules of interpretation, Minnesota Journal of Global Trade 75. Folmer. H., P. van Mouche and S. Ragland, 1993, Interconnected games and international environmental problems, Environmental and Resource Economic 3, 313-335. Hopkins, R. F., 2000, The political economy of foreign aid, in F. Tarp, and P. Hjerthom, eds., Foreign aid and development (Routledge, London). Hudec, R., 1996, GATT legal restraints in the use of trade measures against foreign environmental practices, in J. Bhagwati and R. Hudec (eds.), Fair trade and harmonization: pre-requisites for free trade?, Vol. 2 (MIT Press, Cambridge, MA). Hughes, S., and R. Wilkinson, 1998, International labor standards and world trade: no role for the World Trade Organization?, New Political Economy 3, 375-89. Jackson, J.H., 1997, The world trading system: law and policy of international economic relations (MIT Press, Cambridge, MA). Limão, N., 2000, Trade policy, cross-border externalities, and lobbies: do linked agreements enforce more cooperative outcomes? mimeo, Columbia University. Maggi. G., 1999, The role of multilateral institutions in international trade cooperation, American Economic Review 89, 190-214. Perroni, C., and J. Whalley, 2000, The new regionalism: trade liberalization or insurance?, Canadian Journal of Economics 33, 1-24. Raiffa, H., 1982, The art and science of negotiation (Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA). Riezman, R., 1985, Customs unions and the core, Journal of International Economics 19, 355-365. Sebenius, J.K., 1983, Negotiation arithmetic: adding and subtracting issues and parties, International Organization 37, 281-316. Spagnolo, G., 1996, Issue linkage, delegation, and international policy cooperation, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei Working Paper No. 49.96. Srinivasan, T. N., “Trade and Human Rights”, 1998, in Constituent interests and U.S. trade policies (University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor), 225-253. Trebilcock, M.J., and R. Howse, 2001, The regulation of international trade (Routledge, London and New York). Yi, S.-S., 1996, Endogenous formation of Customs Unions under imperfect competition: open regionalism is good, Journal of International Economics 41, 151-175.|
Actions (login required)