A world environmental organization?
Whalley, John and Zissimos, Ben (2000) A world environmental organization? Working Paper. Coventry: University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation. Working papers (University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation) (No.63/).
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We evaluate possibilities for a new World Environmental Organization (WEO), with our discussion motivated both by recent calls for such an organization in light of WTO trade and environment conflicts and the relative absence of internalization of global externalities. We propose an organization building upon the idea of facilitating Coasian deals on the global environment. This contrasts to attempts to agree on a statement of global principles, as in the Rio declaration and Agenda 21 as the main vehicle for global environmental improvements. To motivate the establishment of such an organization, we itemize the ways in which global environmental deals are presently restrained by various impediments, including free riding, property right ambiguities, and mechanisms for authentification and verification. We indicate how such a WEO might help in each of these areas, stressing the differences from the WTO which is a much narrower bargaining framework. We conclude with a discussion of why the developing countries might or might not be interested in such a proposal, and emphasize their potential both to secure significant resource transfers in exchange for environmental concessions, and to cooperate in bargaining with the WEO as a focal point and secure sharply better terms. We note, however, both their broad systemic concerns over another global agency which they fear might be used to pressure them, and what some countries see as the inability of such an entity to deal with their central concerns in the area; namely ameliorating internal environmental problems via transfer of technology. We conclude by arguing that a WEO can offer joint benefits; raising environmental quality for those willing to pay for it, and acting as a vehicle for securing transfers of resources in return for environmental commitments.
|Item Type:||Working or Discussion Paper (Working Paper)|
|Subjects:||G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
J Political Science > JZ International relations
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social Sciences > Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||World Trade Organization, Environmental agencies, Trade regulation, Globalization -- Environmental aspects, Developing countries -- Environmental conditions, Developing countries -- Economic conditions.|
|Series Name:||Working papers (University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation)|
|Publisher:||University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation|
|Place of Publication:||Coventry|
|Official Date:||November 2000|
|Number of Pages:||50|
|Status:||Not Peer Reviewed|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
Agenda 21 (1994) Agenda 21, The United Nations Programme of Action from Rio, UN
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