A world environmental organization?
Whalley, John and Zissimos, Ben, 1970- (2000) A world environmental organization? Working Paper. University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation, Coventry.
WRAP_Whalley_wp6300.pdf - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Official URL: http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/csgr/research/wo...
We evaluate possibilities for a new World Environmental Organization (WEO), with our discussion motivated both by recent calls for such an organization in light of WTO trade and environment conflicts and the relative absence of internalization of global externalities. We propose an organization building upon the idea of facilitating Coasian deals on the global environment. This contrasts to attempts to agree on a statement of global principles, as in the Rio declaration and Agenda 21 as the main vehicle for global environmental improvements. To motivate the establishment of such an organization, we itemize the ways in which global environmental deals are presently restrained by various impediments, including free riding, property right ambiguities, and mechanisms for authentification and verification. We indicate how such a WEO might help in each of these areas, stressing the differences from the WTO which is a much narrower bargaining framework. We conclude with a discussion of why the developing countries might or might not be interested in such a proposal, and emphasize their potential both to secure significant resource transfers in exchange for environmental concessions, and to cooperate in bargaining with the WEO as a focal point and secure sharply better terms. We note, however, both their broad systemic concerns over another global agency which they fear might be used to pressure them, and what some countries see as the inability of such an entity to deal with their central concerns in the area; namely ameliorating internal environmental problems via transfer of technology. We conclude by arguing that a WEO can offer joint benefits; raising environmental quality for those willing to pay for it, and acting as a vehicle for securing transfers of resources in return for environmental commitments.
|Item Type:||Working or Discussion Paper (Working Paper)|
|Subjects:||G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
J Political Science > JZ International relations
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social Sciences > Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||World Trade Organization, Environmental agencies, Trade regulation, Globalization -- Environmental aspects, Developing countries -- Environmental conditions, Developing countries -- Economic conditions.|
|Series Name:||Working papers (University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation)|
|Publisher:||University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation|
|Place of Publication:||Coventry|
|Number of Pages:||50|
|Status:||Not Peer Reviewed|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
|References:||Agenda 21 (1994) Agenda 21, The United Nations Programme of Action from Rio, UN (UNCED), December 1994, New York. Anderson, A. (1997), Media, Culture and the Environment London: UCL Press. Baker, S. (1996), “The scope for east-west cooperation” in Blowers, A. Glasbergen, P. (eds.) Environmental Policy in an International Context: Prospects London: Open University Press. Barrett, S. (1994), “Self-enforcing international environmental agreements”, Oxford Economic Papers, 46, 878-894. Beck, P. (1986), The International Politics of Antarctica London: Croom Helm. Brenton, T. (1994), The Greening of Machiavelli: The Evolution of International Environmental Politics, London: RIIA/Earthscan. Brown, P. (1997), “Change in climate of opinion” The Guardian, July 3rd, p. 3. Carraro, C. and S. Siniscalco (1993), “Strategies for the International Protection of the Environment”, Journal of Public Economics, 52, 309-328. Carraro, C. and S. Siniscalco (1995), “Policy Coordination for Sustainability: Commitments, Transfers and Linked Negotiations”, in I. Goldin and L. Alan ed., The Economics of Sustainable Development, CUP. Cesar, H. and A. de Zeeuw (1996), “Issue Linkage in Global Environmental Problems”, Economic policy for the environment and natural resources: Techniques for the management and control of pollution, New Horizons in Environmental Economics series. Cheltenham, U.K. Chatterjee, P. and Finger, M. (1994), The Earth Brokers: Power, Politics and World Development, Routledge, London. Coase, R.H. (1960), “The Problem of Social Costs”, Journal of Law and Economics, Conca, K. (1995), “Greening the UN: Environmental organizations and the UN system” Third World Quarterly, Vol.16 No.3, pp. 103-119. Dodds, F. (1997), (eds.) The Way Forward: Beyond Agenda 21, London: Earthscan. Dolbear, T. (1967) “On the Optimum Externality”, American Economic Review. Elliott, L. (1994), International Environmental Politics: Protecting the Antarctica, London: MacMillan. Esty, D. C. (1994) “Making Trade and Environmental Policies Work Together: Lessons from NAFTA.” Aussenwirtschaft 49:1 (March) pp. 59-79 Forsythe, T. (1998), “Renewable energy investment and technology transfer in Asia”, Workshop Report, Briefing Paper No.51 October Chatham House, London. Grubb, M. et al (1993), Earth Summit Agreements: A Guide and Assessment, London: Earthscan. Haas, E. (1980), “Why collaborate? Issue linkage and international regimes”, World Politics, Vol. 32 No.3 April, pp. 357-405. Haas, P. (1990), Saving the Mediterranean: The Politics of International Environmental Cooperation, New York: Columbia University Press. Haas, P. M. (1992) “Epistemic Communities and International Policy Coordination: Introduction”, International Organisation 46:1 (Winter) pp. 1-35 Haas, P., Keohane, R. and Levy, M. (1993), Institutions for the Earth: Sources of Effective Environmental Protection, Cambridge: MIT Press. Hahn, R. and Richards, K. (1989), “The internationalization of environmental regulation”, Harvard International Law Journal ,Vol.30 No.2 Spring, pp. 421-46. Heal, G. (1994), “Formation of international environmental agreements”, in C. Carraro (ed.), Trade, Innovation, Environment, Kleuwer Academic Publishers, London. Keohane, R. and M. Levy (1997) (eds.), Institutions for Environmental Aid, Massachusetts: MIT Press. Litfin, K. (1993), “Eco-regimes: Playing tug of war with the nation-state” in Lipschutz, R. and Conca. K. (eds.) The State and Social Power in Global Environmental Politics, New York: Columbia University Press, pp. 94-119. Litfin, K. (1994), Ozone Discourses, New York: Columbia University Press. McCleary, R.M (1991), “The international community's claim to rights in Brazilian Amazona”, Political Studies, Vol. 39 December pp. 691-707. Mott, R. (1993), “The GEF and the conventions on climate change and biological diversity”, International Environmental Affairs, Vol.5 No.4 Fall. Newell, P. (1997), The International Politics of Global Warming: A Non-Governmental Account, Ph.D. University of Keele. Newell, P. (1998), “Who CoPed out at Kyoto? An assessment of the Third Conference of the Parties to the FCCC' Environmental Politics 7(2) Summer 1998. Parsons, E.A (1993), “Protecting the ozone layer” in Haas, P., M. Keohane, R.O and M.A. Levy (eds.), Institutions for the Earth: Sources of Effective International Environmental Protection, Cambridge MA:MIT Press. Paterson, M. and Grubb, M.(1992), “The international politics of climate change”, International Affairs, Vol. 68, No.2, pp. 293-310. Pigou A. (1924) The Economics of Welfare. Macmillan, London. Porter, G., and Brown, J. (1996), Global Environmental Politics, 2nd Edition, Westview Press, Boulder CO. Read, P. (1994), Responding to global warming: The technology, economics and politics of sustainable energy, Zed Books, London. Rich, B. (1994), Mortgaging the Earth: The World Bank, Environmental Impoverishment and the Crisis of Development, London: Earthscan. Ringuis, L. (1997), “Environmental NGOs and regime change: The case of ocean dumping of radioactive waste”, European Journal of International Relations, Vol.3 No.1 pp.61-104. Rowlands, I. (1995), The Politics of Global Atmospheric Change, Manchester: Manchester University Press. Spagnolo, G. (1996), “Issue Linkage, Delegation and International Policy Cooperation”, Nota di Lavoro 49.96, Fondazione ENI Enrico Mattei, Milan. Sebenius, J. (1992), “Challenging conventional explanations of international cooperation: negotiation analysis and the case of epistemic communities” International Organization, Vol.46, No.1 Winter, pp. 230-255 . Sebenius, J. (1994), “Towards a winning climate coalition”, in I. Mintzer and J. Leonard (eds.), Negotiating Climate Change, pp.227-321. Susskind, L. (1994), Environmental Diplomacy: Negotiating More Effective Global Agreements, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Uimonen and Whalley (1997) Vogler, J. (1995), The Global Commons: A Regime Analysis, Sussex: John Wiley and sons. Young, O. (1989), International Cooperation: Building Regimes for Natural Resources and the Environment, Cornell University Press. Young, O., Demko, G. Ramakrishna, K. (1991), Global Environmental Change and International Governance: Summary and recommendations of a conference held at Dartmouth college. Young, Z. Boehmer-Christiansen, S. (1998), “Green energy facilitated? The uncertain function of the Global Environmental Facility”, Energy and Environment, Vol.9 No.1.|
Actions (login required)