Tumen River Area Development Programme: frustrated micro-regionalism as a microcosm of political rivalries
Hughes, Christopher W. (2000) Tumen River Area Development Programme: frustrated micro-regionalism as a microcosm of political rivalries. Working Paper. University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation, Coventry.
WRAP_Hughes_wp5700.pdf - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Official URL: http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/csgr/research/wo...
Since its inception in the early 1990s, the Tumen River Area Development Programme (TRADP) has come to embody many of the hopes and frustrations of micro-regionalism in Northeast Asia in the post-Cold War period. On the one hand, the project has been seen as a means to utilise economic co-operation as a means to drive political and security co-operation. But on the other, ambitious hopes for the project have been frustrated by the slow progress of investment and economic integration amongst the localities and nation-states of the Northeast Asia micro and sub-regions. This working paper argues that the key variable in explaining the frustrations of micro-region building in the case of TRADP is a mismatch of the twin forces of regionalisation and regionalism. For even though the TRADP may be predicated on the belief that it can serve as a micro-regional focus for the territorial contiguities and economic complementarities of the surrounding states in order to serve as a springboard for wide regional integration, just as equally it has served the reverse function as a micro-regional focus and intensifier of competing territorial claims and the political disputes of the major states, and thereby, somewhat ironically, acted to actually undermine the process of regional integration. The end result has been that TRADP as a potential micro-region has also fallen victim to becoming a microcosm of the political rivalries in the region. This working paper chronicles the evolution of TRADP, and analyses its supposed economic rationale and the types of supra-state, local and non-state actors pushing for its advancement, but also the political problems amongst the central governments of the region which have undercut its progress to date. The conclusion of the working paper summarises the lessons of TRADP for micro-regional processes elsewhere in the world, and considers the possibility of TRADP's success in the future as the Northeast Asia political and security scenarios begin to change in the new century.
|Item Type:||Working or Discussion Paper (Working Paper)|
|Subjects:||J Political Science > JZ International relations
D History General and Old World > DS Asia
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social Sciences > Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Tumen River Area Development Project, Regionalism -- Economic aspects -- Tumen River, Regionalism (International organization), International economic relations, Tumen River -- Economic conditions|
|Series Name:||Working papers (University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation)|
|Publisher:||University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation|
|Place of Publication:||Coventry|
|Number of Pages:||39|
|Status:||Not Peer Reviewed|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
|References:||Breslin, Shaun (2000) 'Decentralisation, globalisation and China's partial re-engagement with the global economy', New Political Economy, 5 (2): 205-26. Cotton, James (1996) 'China and Tumen River co-operation', Asian Survey, 36 (11): 1086-101. Foot, Rosemary and Walter, Andrew (1999) 'Whatever happened to the Pacific century?', Review of International Studies, 25 (Special Edition): 245-70. Funabashi, Yôichi (1995) Asia Pacific Fusion: Japan's Role in APEC, Washington D.C., Institute for International Economics. Furumaya, Tadao (1998) Ura Nippon: Kindai Nihon o Toinaosu, Tokyo, Iwanami Shoten. Hamashita, Takeshi (1997) 'The intra-regional system in East Asia in modern times', in Peter J. Katezenstein and Takashi Shiraishi (eds) Network Power: Japan and Asia, Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, pp. 113-35. Howell, Jude (1993) China Opens its Doors: The Politics of Economic Transition, Boulder, Co: Harvester Wheatsheaf. Hughes, Christopher W. (1999) Japan's Economic Power and Security: Japan and North Korea, London: Routledge. Hwang, Eui-Gak (1993) The Korean Economies: A Comparison of North and South, Oxford, Oxford University Press. JETRO (1999) Jettro Bôeki Hakusho 1999nenhan, Tokyo: Ôkurashô Insatsukyoku. Jordan, Amos A. and Khanna, Jane (1995) 'Economic interdependence and challenges to the nation state: the emergence of natural economic territories in the Asia-Pacific', Journal of International Affairs, 48 (2): 433-62. Kakazu, Hiroshi (1995) 'Northeast Asian regional economic co-operation', in Myo Thant, Min Tang and Hiroshi Kakazu (eds) Growth Triangles in Asia: A New Approach to Regional Economic Cooperation, Oxford, Oxford University Press. Kaneda, Ichirô (1997) Kannihonkai Keizaiken: Sono Kôsô to Jitsugen, Tokyo, Nihon Hôsô Kyôkai. Kannihonkai Keizai Kenkyûjo (1996) Hokutô Ajia: Nijû Isseki no Furontia, Tôkyô, Mainichi Shimbunsha. Kannihonkai Kenkyûjo (1999) Hokutô Ajia Keizai Hakusho 2000nenhan, Tokyo: Mainichi Shimbunsha. Katzenstein, Peter J. (1997) 'Introduction: Asian regionalism in comparative perspective', in Peter J. Katzenstein and Takashi Shiraishi (eds) Network Power: Japan and Asia, Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press. Kerr, David (1996) 'Opening and closing the Sin-Russian border: trade, regional development and political interest in North-east Asia', Europe-Asia Studies, 48 (6): 931- 57. Marton, Andrew, McGee, Timothy, and David G. Paterson (1995) 'Northeast Asian economic co-operation and the Tumen River development project', Pacific Affairs, 68 (1): 8-33. Payne, Anthony and Gamble, Andrew (1996) 'The political economy of regionalism and world order', in Andrew Gamble and Anthony Payne (eds) Regionalism and World Order, London, Macmillan. Postel-Vinay, Karoline (1996) 'Local actors and international regionalism: the case of the Sea of Japan Zone', The Pacific Review, 9 (4): 489-503. Rozman, Gilbert (1998) 'Flawed regionalism: reconceptualizing Northeast Asia in the 1990s' The Pacific Review, 11 (1): 1-27. Rozman, Gilbert (1999) 'Backdoor Japan: the search for a way out via regionalism and decentralisation', The Journal of Japanese Studies, 25 (1): 3-32. Scalapino, Robert (1991-92) 'The United States and Asia: future prospects', Foreign Affairs, 70 (4) : 19-30. Taga, Hidetoshi (1994) 'Kannihonkai, Kôkai keizaiken no kadai', Gekkan Shakaitô, 462: 30-44. Tumen River Area Development Programme (2000a) 'Greetings from Dr. Nay Hun, UN Assistant Secretary General', http://www.tradp.org/textonly/greetings.htm. Site visited on 4 July 2000. Tumen River Area Development Programme (2000b) 'Facilitating investment in the Tumen region', http://www.tradp.org/textonly/ieprim.htm. Site visited on 4 July 2000. Tumen River Area Development Programme (2000c) 'Investment environment in Primorsky Territory, Russian Federation', http://www.tradp.org/textonly/ieprim.htm. Site visited on 4 July 2000. Tumen River Area Development Programme (2000d) 'Tumen Region overview', http://www.tradp.org/textonly/overview.htm. Site visited on 4 July 2000. Tumen Secretariat (1996) Tumen River Economic Development Area Investment Guide, Beijing, Tumen Secretariat.|
Actions (login required)