EFFECTIVENESS AND COST OF DIFFERENT STRATEGIES FOR INFORMATION FEEDBACK IN GENERAL-PRACTICE
UNSPECIFIED. (1994) EFFECTIVENESS AND COST OF DIFFERENT STRATEGIES FOR INFORMATION FEEDBACK IN GENERAL-PRACTICE. BRITISH JOURNAL OF GENERAL PRACTICE, 44 (378). pp. 19-24. ISSN 0960-1643Full text not available from this repository.
Aim. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness and relative cost of three forms of information feedback to general practices - graphical, graphical plus a visit by a medical facilitator and tabular.
Method. Routinely collected, centrally-field data were used where possible, analysed at practice level. Some non-routine practice data in the form of risk factor recording in medical notes, for example weight, smoking status, alcohol consumption and blood pressure, were also provided to those who requested it. The 52 participating practices were stratified and randomly allocated to one of the three feedback groups. The cost of providing each type of feedback was determined. The immediate response of practitioners to the form of feedback (acceptability), ease of understanding (intelligibility), and usefulness of regular feedback was recorded. Changes introduced as a result of feedback were assessed by questionnaire shortly after feedback, and 12 months later. Changes at the practice level in selected indicators were also assessed 12 and 24 months after initial feedback.
Results. The resulting cost per effect was calculated to be 46.10 Pound for both graphical and tabular feedback, 132.50 Pound for graphical feedback plus facilitator visit and 773.00 Pound for the manual audit of risk factors recorded in the practice notes. The three forms of feedback did not differ in intelligibility or usefulness, but feedback plus a medical facilitator visit was significantly less acceptable. There was a high level of self-reported organizational change following feedback, with 69% of practices reporting changes as a direct result; this was not significantly different for the three types of feedback. There were no significant changes in the selected indicators at 12 or 24 months following feedback. The practice characteristic most closely related to better indicators of preventive practice was practice size, smaller practices performing significantly better. Separate clinics were not associated with better preventive practice.
Conclusion. It is concluded that feedback strategies using graphical and tabular comparative data are equally cost-effective in general practice with about two thirds of practices reporting organizational change as a consequence; feedback involving unsolicited medical facilitator visits is less cost-effective. The cost-effectiveness of manual risk factor audit is also called into question.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Journal or Publication Title:||BRITISH JOURNAL OF GENERAL PRACTICE|
|Publisher:||ROYAL COL GEN PRACTITIONERS|
|Official Date:||January 1994|
|Number of Pages:||6|
|Page Range:||pp. 19-24|
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