MOLECULAR ANALYSIS OF THE MAJOR CELLULASE (CELV) OF ERWINIA-CAROTOVORA - EVIDENCE FOR AN EVOLUTIONARY MIX-AND-MATCH OF ENZYME DOMAINS
UNSPECIFIED. (1993) MOLECULAR ANALYSIS OF THE MAJOR CELLULASE (CELV) OF ERWINIA-CAROTOVORA - EVIDENCE FOR AN EVOLUTIONARY MIX-AND-MATCH OF ENZYME DOMAINS. MOLECULAR & GENERAL GENETICS, 241 (3-4). pp. 341-350. ISSN 0026-8925Full text not available from this repository.
The structural gene for the major cellulase of Erwinia carotovora subspecies carotovora (Ecc) was isolated and expressed in Escherichia coli. Sequencing of the gene (celV) revealed a typical signal sequence and two functional domains in the enzyme; a catalytic domain linked by a short proline/threonine-rich linker to a cellulose-binding domain (CBD). The deduced amino acid sequence of the catalytic domain showed homology with cellulases of Family A, including enzymes from Bacillus spp. and Erwinia chrysanthemi CelZ, whereas the CBD showed homology with cellulases from several diverse families, supporting a ''mix-and-match'' hypothesis for evolution of this domain. Analysis of the substrate specificity of CelV showed it to be an endoglucanase with some exoglucanase activity. The pH optimum is about 7.0 and the temperature optimum about 42-degrees-C. CelV is secreted by Ecc and by the taxonomically related Erwinia carotovora subspecies atroseptica (Eca) but not by E. coli. Overproduction of the enzyme from multicopy plasmids in Ecc appears to overload the secretory mechanism.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
|Journal or Publication Title:||MOLECULAR & GENERAL GENETICS|
|Official Date:||November 1993|
|Number of Pages:||10|
|Page Range:||pp. 341-350|
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