PURIFICATION OF RIBULOSE 1,5-BISPHOSPHATE CARBOXYLASE OXYGENASE AND OF CARBOXYSOMES FROM THIOBACILLUS-THYASIRIS THE PUTATIVE SYMBIONT OF THYASIRA-FLEXUOSA (MONTAGU)
UNSPECIFIED. (1991) PURIFICATION OF RIBULOSE 1,5-BISPHOSPHATE CARBOXYLASE OXYGENASE AND OF CARBOXYSOMES FROM THIOBACILLUS-THYASIRIS THE PUTATIVE SYMBIONT OF THYASIRA-FLEXUOSA (MONTAGU). ARCHIVES OF MICROBIOLOGY, 156 (5). pp. 338-343. ISSN 0302-8933Full text not available from this repository.
The bacterial symbionts of many marine invertebrates contain ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate (RuBP) carboxylase but apparently no carboxysomes, polyhedral bodies containing RuBP carboxylase. In the few cases where polyhedral bodies have been observed they have not been characterised enzymatically. Polyhedral bodies, 50-90 nm in diameter, were observed in thin cell sections of Thiobacillus thyasiris the putative symbiont of Thyasira flexuosa and RuBP carboxylase activity was detected in both soluble and particulate fractions after centrifugation of cell-free extracts. RuBP carboxylase purified 90-fold from the soluble fraction was of high molecular weight and consisted of large and small subunits, with molecular weights of 53,110 and 11,100 respectively. Particulate RuBP carboxylase activity was associated with polyhedral bodies 50-100 nm in diameter, as revealed by density gradient centrifugation and electron microscopy. Therefore, the polyhedral bodies were inferred to be carboxysomes. Native electrophoresis of isolated carboxysomes demonstrated a major band which comigrated with the purified RuBP carboxylase and three minor bands of lower molecular weight. Sodium dodecylsulphate (SDS) gel electrophoresis of SDS-dissociated carboxysomes demonstrated nine major polypeptides two of which were the large and small subunits of RuBP carboxylase. The RuBP carboxylase subunits represented 21% of the total carboxysomal protein. The most abundant polypeptide had a molecular weight of 40,500. Knowledge of carboxysome composition is necessary to provide an understanding of carboxysome function.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QR Microbiology|
|Journal or Publication Title:||ARCHIVES OF MICROBIOLOGY|
|Official Date:||October 1991|
|Number of Pages:||6|
|Page Range:||pp. 338-343|
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