REGULATION OF GLUTAMINE-SYNTHETASE GENES IN LEAVES OF PHASEOLUS-VULGARIS
UNSPECIFIED. (1991) REGULATION OF GLUTAMINE-SYNTHETASE GENES IN LEAVES OF PHASEOLUS-VULGARIS. PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, 17 (4). pp. 761-771. ISSN 0167-4412Full text not available from this repository.
Glutamine synthetase (GS) activity increased over three-fold in developing primary leaves of Phaseolus vulgaris L. This increase was shown to be the result of differential expression of three members of the GS gene family: gln-alpha and gln-beta, which encode cytosolic GS polypeptides, and gln-delta, which encodes the chloroplast-located GS. The gln-delta gene was the most highly expressed GS gene and was regulated in a complex manner with two different transcripts accumulating differentially during leaf development. This gene was expressed weakly in the dark and was induced strongly by light; this induction was shown not to be an indirect effect of photorespiration. In the long term, gln-delta showed increased expression in photorespiring compared with non-photorespiring leaves. However, in the short term, there was no induction of gln-delta following transfer of plants to photorespiratory conditions. These results suggest that regulation of gln-delta by photorespiration was the result of indirect, long-term effects on cellular metabolism. In general, in all these experiments, analysis of cytosolic versus chloroplastic GS polypeptides and of the GS isoenzyme profiles showed the same pattern of changes in abundance as that observed for the mRNAs suggesting that regulation of GS gene expression occurred primarily at the mRNA level. However, it was noteworthy that the delta-isoenzyme remained at a high abundance in older leaves, grown in both light and dark, despite a decrease in abundance of gln-delta mRNA.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QD Chemistry
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
|Journal or Publication Title:||PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY|
|Publisher:||KLUWER ACADEMIC PUBL|
|Official Date:||October 1991|
|Number of Pages:||11|
|Page Range:||pp. 761-771|
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