A D-2 NMR-STUDY OF DEUTERIUM TRAPPING BY DISLOCATIONS IN PALLADIUM
UNSPECIFIED. (1991) A D-2 NMR-STUDY OF DEUTERIUM TRAPPING BY DISLOCATIONS IN PALLADIUM. JOURNAL OF PHYSICS-CONDENSED MATTER, 3 (14). pp. 2391-2400. ISSN 0953-8984Full text not available from this repository.
Deuteron spin-lattice and spin-spin relaxation rates have been measured in annealed and cold-rolled foil samples of palladium deuteride PdD congruent-to 0.6 in the temperature range 100-390 K using pulsed NMR at 14.8 MHz. The CPMG sequence spin-spin decay in samples containing different densities confirms the coexistence of two relaxation rates, R2a < R2b (congruent-to 11 and congruent-to 170 s-1 at room temperature for instance), both of which are much larger than R1 (less-than-or-equal-to 0.42 s-1). R2a describes relaxation of deuterons in normal interstitial sites whereas R2b is thought to originate from deuterons trapped in dislocation core regions. For T less-than-or-equal-to 160 K, R1 and R2a are attributed to a diffusion-modulated, deuterium-vacancy-induced, quadrupolar interaction; for T greater-than-or-equal-to 160 K, R2a is dominated by quadrupolar interactions of diffusing deuterons with long-range electric field gradients associated with dislocation strain fields. The temperature dependence of R2b yields an activation energy of congruent-to 0.024 eV for deuterium diffusion within the core regions where a quadrupolar coupling constant of at least 4 kHz is measured. In spite of this low activation energy, diffusion in the cores is relatively slow since nearly all sites in core regions are filled. It is estimated from the signal amplitudes that trapping can cause almost all dilated deuterium sites to be filled out to a radius of 30 angstrom around dislocation cores for a dislocation density approximately 10(12) cm-2.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QC Physics|
|Journal or Publication Title:||JOURNAL OF PHYSICS-CONDENSED MATTER|
|Publisher:||IOP PUBLISHING LTD|
|Date:||8 April 1991|
|Number of Pages:||10|
|Page Range:||pp. 2391-2400|
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