MAS NMR-STUDIES OF INORGANIC ELEMENTS IN COALS AND COMBUSTION RESIDUES
UNSPECIFIED (1991) MAS NMR-STUDIES OF INORGANIC ELEMENTS IN COALS AND COMBUSTION RESIDUES. In: CONF ON COAL STRUCTURE AND REACTIVITY, CAMBRIDGE, ENGLAND, SEP 05-07, 1990. Published in: FUEL, 70 (3). pp. 361-366.Full text not available from this repository.
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy with magic angle spinning (MAS n.m.r.) has been used to study the chemical environments of sodium, aluminium, silicon, phosphorus and boron in coal. The Na-23 MAS n.m.r. spectra of the raw coals show the sodium to be fully hydrated, and organically bound. There was little evidence for NaCl. The Al-27 spectra show aluminium in both octahedral and tetrahedral coordination, indicative of the varying proportions of the different clay minerals in the coals. These are reflected in the Si-29 spectra, which also show a quartz resonance. The P-31 spectra suggest that phosphorus in coal is present largely as apatite. The B-11 spectra exhibit trigonal or tetrahedral resonances. Trigonal boron is probably due to tourmaline, but the tetrahedral form could not be reliably assigned; it may be held in tetrahedral sites within the potassium clays. The transformations of these elements in combustion processes have been elucidated by further MAS n.m.r. studies of ashes and boiler deposits. Boron phosphate has been shown to be a major component of bonded deposits formed when high-phosphorus coals are burned in certain stoker-fired appliances.
|Item Type:||Conference Item (UNSPECIFIED)|
|Subjects:||T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
|Journal or Publication Title:||FUEL|
|Number of Pages:||6|
|Page Range:||pp. 361-366|
|Title of Event:||CONF ON COAL STRUCTURE AND REACTIVITY|
|Location of Event:||CAMBRIDGE, ENGLAND|
|Date(s) of Event:||SEP 05-07, 1990|
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