EXPRESSION OF GLUTAMINE-SYNTHETASE GENES IN COTYLEDONS OF GERMINATING PHASEOLUS-VULGARIS L
UNSPECIFIED. (1991) EXPRESSION OF GLUTAMINE-SYNTHETASE GENES IN COTYLEDONS OF GERMINATING PHASEOLUS-VULGARIS L. PLANTA, 183 (1). pp. 51-56. ISSN 0032-0935Full text not available from this repository.
In the legume Phaseolus vulgaris L., glutamine synthetase (GS; EC.18.104.22.168.) is encoded by four actively transcribed genes, gln-alpha, gln-beta, gln-gamma and gln-delta. We have studied the expression of these genes in cotyledons during seed germination and have studied the effect of light and nitrate on this process. An RNase-protection method, used to detect the abundances of GS mRNAs, revealed that the four GS genes are differentially expressed in the germinating cotyledons. The gln-alpha mRNA was present in dry seeds and was the most abundant GS mRNA during early stages of germination. The gln-beta and gln-gamma mRNAs were first detectable 2 d after sowing and their abundances differed in light- and dark-grown cotyledons at later stages of germination. The gln-delta mRNA (which encodes the plastid-located GS) was detectable only in light-grown cotyledons, at a low abundance. A nitrate supply of 2 mM had only a minor effect on the expression of the GS genes. Western immunodetection and ion-exchange high-performance liquid chromatography demonstrated that the alpha-polypeptide and isoenzyme were present in extracts of dry seeds and represented the major GS products at 2 d and 4 d. Both the beta and gamma-polypeptides appeared at the 2-d stage. The role of differential GS gene expression in controlling cotyledonary GS activity is discussed.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||S Agriculture > SB Plant culture|
|Journal or Publication Title:||PLANTA|
|Number of Pages:||6|
|Page Range:||pp. 51-56|
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