Securing recruitment and obtaining informed consent in minority ethnic groups in the UK
Lloyd, Cathy E., Johnson, Mark R. D., Mughal, Shanaz, Sturt, Jackie, Collins, Gary S., Roy, Tapash, Bibi, Rukhsana and Barnett, A. H.. (2008) Securing recruitment and obtaining informed consent in minority ethnic groups in the UK. BMC Health Services Research, Vol.8 (No.68). ISSN 1472-6963
WRAP_Sturt_1472-6963-8-68.pdf - Draft Version
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6963-8-68
Background: Previous health research has often explicitly excluded individuals from minority
ethnic backgrounds due to perceived cultural and communication difficulties, including studies
where there might be language/literacy problems in obtaining informed consent. This study
addressed these difficulties by developing audio-recorded methods of obtaining informed consent
and recording data. This report outlines 1) our experiences with securing recruitment to a
qualitative study investigating alternative methods of data collection, and 2) the development of a
standardised process for obtaining informed consent from individuals from minority ethnic
backgrounds whose main language does not have an agreed written form.
Methods: Two researchers from South Asian backgrounds recruited adults with Type 2 diabetes
whose main language was spoken and not written, to attend a series of focus groups. A screening
tool was used at recruitment in order to assess literacy skills in potential participants. Informed
consent was obtained using audio-recordings of the patient information and recording patients'
verbal consent. Participants' perceptions of this method of obtaining consent were recorded.
Results: Recruitment rates were improved by using telephone compared to face-to-face methods.
The screening tool was found to be acceptable by all potential participants. Audio-recorded
methods of obtaining informed consent were easy to implement and accepted by all participants.
Attrition rates differed according to ethnic group. Snowballing techniques only partly improved
Conclusion: Audio-recorded methods of obtaining informed consent are an acceptable
alternative to written consent in study populations where literacy skills are variable. Further
exploration of issues relating to attrition is required, and a range of methods may be necessary in
order to maximise response and participation r
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > R Medicine (General)|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social Sciences > Economics
Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School > Translational & Systems Medicine > Metabolic and Vascular Health
Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Informed consent (Medical law), Minorities -- Medical care -- Great Britain|
|Journal or Publication Title:||BMC Health Services Research|
|Official Date:||30 March 2008|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
1. Harding S, Balarajan R: Longitudinal study of socio-economic
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