Who escapes or remains a victim of bullying in primary school?
Wolke, Dieter, Woods, Sarah and Samara, Muthanna. (2009) Who escapes or remains a victim of bullying in primary school? British Journal of Developmental Psychology, Vol.27 (No.4). pp. 835-851. ISSN 0261-510X
WRAP_Wolke_0671038-241008-Wolke_et_al_in_press__Bullying_in_Primary_School-_BJDP_final_revision_Oct_08.pdf - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1348/026151008X383003
The stability of both direct and relational victimisation and factors that contribute to remaining, escaping or becoming a victim of bullying were investigated. 663 children at baseline aged 6-9 (years 2-4) were interviewed about their bullying experiences and parents completed a behaviour and health measure. Children’s perception of the degree of social hierarchical structuring and social prominence in their class was determined by peer nominations. 432 children participated in the follow-up either 2 or 4 years after baseline aged 10-11 (year 6) and completed a bullying questionnaire. Relational victims and children from classes with a high hierarchical structure were more likely to have dropped out of the study compared to neutral children, and children from classes with a low hierarchical structure. Relative risk analyses indicated a two-fold increased risk of remaining a direct victim at follow-up, compared to a child not involved at baseline becoming a victim over the follow-up period. In contrast, relational victimisation increased but was not found to be stable. Logistic regression analyses revealed that being a girl, and receiving few positive peer nominations predicted remaining a direct victim. Becoming a relational victim at follow-up was predicted by a strong class hierarchy. The implications for future study of early recognition of likely long term victims and early preventative bullying initiatives are discussed.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||L Education > L Education (General)|
|Divisions:||Other > Institute of Advanced Study
Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Bullying|
|Journal or Publication Title:||British Journal of Developmental Psychology|
|Publisher:||The British Psychological Society|
|Number of Pages:||17|
|Page Range:||pp. 835-851|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||Economic and Social Research Council (Great Britain) (ESRC)|
|Grant number:||No.: R000222563|
Björkqvist, K. (1994). Sex Differences in Physical, Verbal, and Indirect Aggression: A Review of Recent Research. Sex Roles, 30, 177-188.
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