Objective measures of the environment and physical activity : results of the environment and physical activity study in English adults
Foster, Charles, Hillsdon, Melvyn, Jones, Andy, Grundy, Chris, Wilkinson, Paul, Wareham, Nick, White, Martin, Sheehan, Bart and Thorogood, Margaret. (2009) Objective measures of the environment and physical activity : results of the environment and physical activity study in English adults. Journal of Physical Activity & Health, Vol.6 (Suppl.1). S70-S80. ISSN 1543-3080
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Background: Physical activity has been positively associated with a range of objectively measured environmental variables. We explored the relationship of walking and other categories of physical activity with objectively measured activity specific environmental variables in a UK population.
Methods: We used a geographical information system (GIS) and gender specific multivariate models to relate 13,927 participants’ reported levels of physical activity with a range of measures of the environment.
Results: Access to green space and area levels of crime were not associated with walking for recreation. Distance to facilities had either no or only a small effect on the uptake of different activities. Odds ratios of cycling for leisure dropped as local traffic density increased for both genders. Compared to the lowest quartile for traffic density the likelihood of reporting any cycling for leisure was OR 0.42, (95% CI 0.32-0.52, p<0.001) for women and OR 0.41, (95% CI 0.33 – 0.50, p < 0.001) for men in the highest quartile.
Conclusions: We were unable to reproduce results observed in previous studies. Future research should use large representative population samples from multiple areas to maximise environmental variability and if feasible use both objective and subjective measures of physical activity and the environment.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Exercise|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Physical Activity & Health|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||British Heart Foundation|
1. Department of Health. Choosing Activity: a physical activity action plan. London: Department of Health; 2005.
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