Development and validation of an ELISA to detect antibodies to Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis in ovine sera
Binns, Sarah H., Green, Laura E. and Bailey, Mick. (2007) Development and validation of an ELISA to detect antibodies to Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis in ovine sera. Veterinary Microbiology, Vol.123 (No.1-3). pp. 169-179. ISSN 0378-1135
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2007.02.015
Several enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) have been developed for the detection of antibodies to Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis, the causative agent of caseous lymphadenitis (CLA). However, none are commercially available in the UK. It was therefore necessary to develop a new, economic ELISA for use in a research project studying the epidemiology of CLA in UK sheep.
The ELISA with its diagnostic qualities is presented. The ELISA was developed using sonicated C. pseudotuberculosis and optimised to detect total antibody or IgG class antibody in serum. Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves were obtained and the area under the ROC curve was used to compare the sensitivity and specificity of the two ELISAs.
Both versions of the ELISA were evaluated on a panel of 150 positive reference sera and 103 negative reference sera. Using the test at 100% specificity, the sensitivity of detection of total antibody was 71% (95% confidence interval 63-78%), and the
sensitivity of detection of IgG antibody to C. pseudotuberculosis was 83% (76-89%), which compares favourably with other reported ELISA tests for CLA in sheep. The sensitivity of the IgG antibody assay may be higher because of the greater affinity of IgG class antibodies compared with the IgM antibodies also detected by the total antibody ELISA.
The results of ROC analysis indicated that the IgG isotype ELISA was more accurate than the total antibody ELISA. The efficiency of the test was greatest when serum samples were run in a dilution series than when any single serum dilution was used. The ELISA is considered to be suitable for application in field studies of CLA in UK sheep.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
Q Science > QL Zoology
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Life Sciences (2010- ) > Biological Sciences ( -2010)|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Sheep -- Diseases, Pseudotuberculosis, Bacteria|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Veterinary Microbiology|
|Official Date:||20 February 2007|
|Page Range:||pp. 169-179|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
|Description:||Version accepted by publisher (post-print, after peer review, before copy-editing).|
Altman, D.G. 1991. Practical statistics for medical research. Chapman & Hall, Boca Raton.
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