Can early intake of dietary omega-3 predict childhood externalizing behaviour?
Waylen , Andrea E., Ford, Tamsin, Goodman, Robert, MRCPsych, Samara, Muthanna and Wolke, Dieter. (2009) Can early intake of dietary omega-3 predict childhood externalizing behaviour? Acta Paediatrica, Vol.98 (No.11). pp. 1805-1808. ISSN 0803-5253
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1651-2227.2009.01434.x
Aim: To determine whether maternal and child intake of dietary omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids (FA), together with the presence or absence of breast-feeding, predicted psychiatric diagnosis of externalizing disorders in childhood.
Methods: Data concerning childhood externalizing disorders were collected from 8242 children aged 7.9 years in a large British cohort. Intake of n-3 FA was measured for the study mother during pregnancy and for the child at 3 years. Duration of breast-feeding was examined to account for moderating effects. Adjustment was made for a variety of potential confounders.
Results: Maternal intake of n-3 and breast-feeding predicted oppositional/conduct disorder and comorbid externalizing disorder before adjustment for confounding factors. However, there was no association between intake of n-3 by mother or child and any type of externalizing disorder once socio-demographic factors were taken into account.
Conclusions: Any association between intake of n-3 and childhood externalizing disorders appears to be strongly confounded with socio-demographic factors. This is important to note given the current popularity of n-3 as a possible treatment for behaviour problems related to inattention and impulsivity. Care must be taken that studies investigating this relationship account fully for factors associated with both behaviour and diet.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services|
|Divisions:||Other > Institute of Advanced Study
Faculty of Science > Psychology
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, Breastfeeding -- Immunological aspects, Omega-3 fatty acids, Child psychology -- Research, Behavior disorders in children|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Acta Paediatrica|
|Publisher:||Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.|
|Official Date:||November 2009|
|Page Range:||pp. 1805-1808|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||Health Foundation (Great Britain) (HF)|
|Grant number:||265/1981 (HF)|
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