Endless leverage certificates
Rossetto, Silvia and van Bommel, Jos. (2009) Endless leverage certificates. Journal of Banking & Finance, Vol.33 (No.8). pp. 1543-1553. ISSN 0378-4266Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbankfin.2009.03.006
An endless leverage certificate (ELC) is a novel retail structured product that gives its holder the right to claim the difference between the value of an underlying security and an interest accruing financing level. An ELC ceases to exist if the underlying breaches a contractual knockout level, if the holder exercises, or if she/he sells it back to the issuer. We use Monte Carlo analysis to value ELCs and find that due to limited liability, a typical ELC written on a typical DAX stock can be worth 0.3% more than its intrinsic value (the difference between the value of the underlying and the financing level). Empirically, we find that in January 2007, the 5129 ELCs issued on the thirty DAX stocks traded at an average premium of 0.67% over the intrinsic Value, and that the median bid-ask spread, expressed as a percentage of the underlying, was 0.18%. For covered warrants and options this spread measure was almost twice as high. Finally, we find that upon knockout, investors received on average 3.2% less than the theoretical knockout value, which is consistent with discontinuous trading of the underyling. Overall, our findings suggest that ELCs complete the market for leverage seeking retail investors. (c) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HG Finance
H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social Sciences > Warwick Business School|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Banking & Finance|
|Publisher:||Elsevier Science BV|
|Official Date:||August 2009|
|Number of Pages:||11|
|Page Range:||pp. 1543-1553|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
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