Production of the antifungal compound pyrrolnitrin is quorum sensing-regulated in members of the Burkholderia cepacia complex
Schmidt, Silvia, Blom, Judith F., Pernthaler, Jakob, Berg, Gabriele, Baldwin, Adam, Mahenthiralingam, Eshwar and Eberl, Leo. (2009) Production of the antifungal compound pyrrolnitrin is quorum sensing-regulated in members of the Burkholderia cepacia complex. Environmental Microbiology, Vol.11 (No.6). pp. 1422-1437. ISSN 1462-2912Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2009.01870.x
Members of the genus Burkholderia are known for their ability to suppress soil-borne fungal pathogens by the production of various antibiotic compounds. In this study we investigated the role of N-acylhomoserine lactone (AHL)-dependent quorum sensing (QS) in the expression of antifungal traits. Using a quorum quenching approach, that is, by heterologous expression of the Bacillus sp. AiiA lactonase, we show that expression of antifungal activities is AHL-dependent in the large majority of the investigated strains belonging to various Burkholderia species. We demonstrate that in certain strains of Burkholderia ambifaria, Burkholderia pyrrocinia and Burkholderia lata, one of the QS-regulated antifungal agents is pyrrolnitrin (prn), a common broad-spectrum antibiotic that is also produced by some Pseudomonas and Serratia species. To investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms of AHL-dependent prn production in better detail, we inactivated the AHL synthase cepI as well as cepR, which encodes the cognate AHL receptor protein, in B. lata 383. Both QS mutants no longer produced prn as assessed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis and as a consequence were unable to inhibit growth of Rhizoctonia solani. Using fusions of the lacZ gene to the promoter of the prnABCD operon, which directs the synthesis of prn, we demonstrate that expression of prn is positively regulated by CepR at the level of transcription.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QR Microbiology|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Life Sciences (2010- ) > Biological Sciences ( -2010)|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Environmental Microbiology|
|Official Date:||June 2009|
|Number of Pages:||16|
|Page Range:||pp. 1422-1437|
|Funder:||Swiss National Science Foundation|
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