Ecological genomics of marine icocyanobacteria
Scanlan, David J. , Ostrowski, Martin, Mazard, Sophie, Dufresne, A., Garczarek, L., Hess, W. R., Post, A. F., Hagemann, M., Paulsen, I. and Partensky, F. (2009) Ecological genomics of marine icocyanobacteria. Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews, Vol.73 (No.2). pp. 249-299. ISSN 1092-2172Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/MMBR.00035-08
Marine picocyanobacteria of the genera Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus numerically dominate the picophytoplankton of the world ocean, making a key contribution to global primary production. Prochlorococcus was isolated around 20 years ago and is probably the most abundant photosynthetic organism on Earth. The genus comprises specific ecotypes which are phylogenetically distinct and differ markedly in their photophysiology, allowing growth over a broad range of light and nutrient conditions within the 45 degrees N to 40 degrees S latitudinal belt that they occupy. Synechococcus and Prochlorococcus are closely related, together forming a discrete picophytoplankton clade, but are distinguishable by their possession of dissimilar light-harvesting apparatuses and differences in cell size and elemental composition. Synechococcus strains have a ubiquitous oceanic distribution compared to that of Prochlorococcus strains and are characterized by phylogenetically discrete lineages with a wide range of pigmentation. In this review, we put our current knowledge of marine picocyanobacterial genomics into an environmental context and present previously unpublished genomic information arising from extensive genomic comparisons in order to provide insights into the adaptations of these marine microbes to their environment and how they are reflected at the genomic level.
|Item Type:||Journal Item|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QR Microbiology|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Life Sciences (2010- ) > Biological Sciences ( -2010)|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews|
|Publisher:||American Society for Microbiology|
|Official Date:||June 2009|
|Number of Pages:||52|
|Page Range:||pp. 249-299|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||European Network of Excellence Marine Genomics Europe, Natural Environment Research Council (Great Britain) (NERC), Freiburg Initiative in Systems Biology, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), Israel Science Foundation (ISF) , Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, MA, France. Agence nationale de la recherche (ANR)|
|Grant number:||NE/C000536/1, NE/F004249/1, NE/D003385/1, SPP1258, 153/05, ANR-05-BLAN-0122-01|
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