GRB 080503: implications of a naked short gamma-ray burst dominated by extended emission
(2009) GRB 080503: implications of a naked short gamma-ray burst dominated by extended emission. Astrophysical Journal, Vol.696 (No.2). pp. 1871-1885. ISSN 0004-637X Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/696/2/1871
We report on observations of GRB 080503, a short gamma-ray burst (GRB) with very bright extended emission (about 30 times the gamma-ray fluence of the initial spike) in conjunction with a thorough comparison to other short Swift events. In spite of the prompt-emission brightness, however, the optical counterpart is extraordinarily faint, never exceeding 25 mag in deep observations starting at similar to 1 hr after the Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) trigger. The optical brightness peaks at similar to 1 day and then falls sharply in a manner similar to the predictions of Li & Paczynski (1998) for supernova-like emission following compact binary mergers. However, a shallow spectral index and similar evolution in X-rays inferred from Chandra observations are more consistent with an afterglow interpretation. The extreme faintness of this probable afterglow relative to the bright gamma-ray emission argues for a very low density medium surrounding the burst (a "naked" GRB), consistent with the lack of a coincident host galaxy down to 28.5 mag in deep Hubble Space Telescope imaging. The late optical and X-ray peak could be explained by a slightly off-axis jet or by a refreshed shock. Our observations reinforce the notion that short GRBs generally occur outside regions of active star formation, but demonstrate that in some cases the luminosity of the extended prompt emission can greatly exceed that of the short spike, which may constrain theoretical interpretation of this class of events. This extended emission is not the onset of an afterglow, and its relative brightness is probably either a viewing-angle effect or intrinsic to the central engine itself. Because most previous BAT short bursts without observed extended emission are too faint for this signature to have been detectable even if it were present at typical level, conclusions based solely on the observed presence or absence of extended emission in the existing Swift sample are premature.
|Item Type:||Journal Item|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QB Astronomy|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Astrophysical Journal|
|Official Date:||10 May 2009|
|Number of Pages:||15|
|Page Range:||pp. 1871-1885|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||Royal Society (Great Britain), NASA/Swift Guest Investigator, NSF-DOE, Royal Society Wolfson Research Merit Award, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation (U.S.) (NSF), TABASGO Foundation, NASA, DOE SciDAC, W.M. Keck Foundation|
|Grant number:||NNG05GF55G, NNG05GO22H, PHY-0812811, DEFC02-06ER41453, AST-0607485, Swift NX07AE98G, DEFC02- 01ER41176|
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