Leakage and proton conductivity in the predicted ferroelectric CsBiNb2O7
Goff, Richard J., Keeble, Dean Samuel, Thomas, Pam A., Ritter, Clemens, Morrison, Finlay D. and Lightfoot, Philip. (2009) Leakage and proton conductivity in the predicted ferroelectric CsBiNb2O7. Chemistry of Materials, Vol.21 (No.7). pp. 1296-1302. ISSN 0897-4756Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cm8030895
The layered perovskite CsBiNb2O7 has been reinvestigated in the light of recent predictions of ferroelectric behavior. Variable temperature powder neutron diffraction experiments show that this material retains polar symmetry (space group P2(1)am) up to at least 900 degrees C, with only a slight decrease in net polarization up to this temperature, calculated using a simple ionic model. However, ac impedance measurements show only a modest dielectric constant (19-27) throughout the temperature range studied. Moreover, convincing evidence for ferroelectric behavior in polarization-electric field loops could not be obtained because of overriding electrical conductivity. Further measurements of electrical behavior, at different temperatures and under both "wet" and "dry" atmospheres, provide clear evidence that CsBiNb2O7 is hygroscopic, with water uptake resulting in significant protonic conductivity. Even in the "dehydrated" state the material is a semiconductor with a modest conductivity of 3.8 mu S cm(-1) at 250 degrees C. Although ferroelectric behavior is not observed in the samples studied here, we cannot rule out the possibility that ferroelectricity might be obtained in samples processed under appropriate conditions.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Physics|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Chemistry of Materials|
|Publisher:||American Chemical Society|
|Official Date:||14 April 2009|
|Number of Pages:||7|
|Page Range:||pp. 1296-1302|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||Royal Society (Great Britain), Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)|
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