Traveling economically through memory space: characterizing output order in memory for serial order
Lewandowsky, Stephan, Brown, G. D. A. (Gordon D. A.) and Thomas, Jacqueune L.. (2009) Traveling economically through memory space: characterizing output order in memory for serial order. Memory & Cognition, Vol.37 (No.2). pp. 181-193. ISSN 0090-502XFull text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/MC.37.2.181
How do people report the contents of short-term memory when information about order must be retained but items can be retrieved in any order? We report an experiment using an unconstrained reconstruction task in which people can report list items in any order but must place them in their correct serial positions. We found (1) a tendency to report recent items first in immediate but not in delayed reconstruction, (2) a tendency to recall temporally isolated items first, (3) a preference for forward recall order, and (4) a preference for output orders that minimize the length of the path that must be traversed through memory space during retrieval. The results constrain most current models of short-term memory in which retrieval is ballistic and is assumed to run to completion autonomously once initiated.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Psychology|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Memory, Short-term memory|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Memory & Cognition|
|Publisher:||Psychonomic Society, Inc.|
|Number of Pages:||13|
|Page Range:||pp. 181-193|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||Australian Research Council (ARC), Economic and Social Research Council (Great Britain) (ESRC)|
|Grant number:||RES000231038 (ESRC)|
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