Optical variability of the ultracool dwarf TVLM 513-46546 : evidence for inhomogeneous dust clouds
Littlefair, S. P., Dhillon, V. S., Marsh, T. R., Shahbaz, T., Martin, Eduardo L. and Copperwheat, C. M.. (2008) Optical variability of the ultracool dwarf TVLM 513-46546 : evidence for inhomogeneous dust clouds. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol.391 (No.1). L88-L92. ISSN 0035-8711Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-3933.2008.00562.x
We present multicolour photometry of the M8.5V ultracool dwarf 'pulsar' TVLM 513-46546 (hereafter TVLM 513) obtained with the triple-beam photometer ULTRACAM. Data were obtained simultaneously in the Sloan-g' and Sloan-i' bands. The previously reported sinusoidal variability, with a period of 2 h, is recovered here. However, the Sloan-g' and Sloan-i' light curves are anticorrelated, a fact which is incompatible with the currently proposed starspot explanation for the optical variability. The anticorrelated nature and relative amplitudes of the optical light curves are consistent with the effects of persistent dust clouds rotating on the surface of the star. In the absence of other plausible explanations for the optical variability of TVLM 513, it seems likely that dust cloud coverage combined with the rapid rotation of TVLM 513 is responsible for the optical variability in this object. However, crude modelling of a photosphere with partial dust cloud coverage shows that the anticorrelation can only be reproduced using cooler models than the literature temperature of TVLM 513. We suggest this discrepancy can be removed if more dust is present within the photosphere of TVLM 513 than theoretical model atmospheres predict, though a definitive statement on this matter will require the development of self-consistent models of partially dusty atmospheres.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QB Astronomy|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Physics|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Low mass stars, Brown dwarf stars, Cool stars|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society|
|Official Date:||21 November 2008|
|Number of Pages:||5|
|Funder:||Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council (Great Britain) (PPARC), Research Councils UK (RCUK), Science and Technology Facilities Council (Great Britain) (STFC)|
|Grant number:||PP/D002370/1 (PPARC), PPA/G/S/2003/00058 (PPARC), ST/F002599/1 (STFC)|
Allard F., Hauschildt P. H., Alexander D. R., Tamanai A., Schweitzer A.,
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