Factors affecting self-efficacy and pain intensity in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain seen in a specialist rheumatology pain clinic
Rahman, A., Reed, E., Underwood, M. (Martin) M.D., Shipley, Michael and Omar, R. Z.. (2008) Factors affecting self-efficacy and pain intensity in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain seen in a specialist rheumatology pain clinic. Rheumatology, Vol.47 (No.12). pp. 1803-1808. ISSN 1462-0324Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/ken377
Objective. Chronic musculoskeletal pain is a very common and costly health problem. Patients presenting to rheumatology clinics with chronic pain can be difficult to manage. We studied 354 patients referred to a rheumatology chronic pain clinic over 5 yrs to identify factors affecting their self-efficacy and intensity of pain.
Methods. We collected data for each patient, covering demographic and psychosocial factors, characteristics of their pain and previous treatment. We measured self-efficacy using a validated questionnaire, and pain intensity (PI) on an NRS. We performed multiple regression analysis to determine as to which factors were independently associated with these outcomes.
Results. Despite extensive previous investigations and treatment, these patients had low self-efficacy [median 26.5, interquartile range (IQR) 1538, best possible 60] and high PI scores (median 7, worst possible 10, IQR 59). Low self-efficacy was most clearly associated with depressive symptoms and not being employed. PI was most clearly associated with depressive symptoms, extensive pain and lower level of education.
Conclusion. Community-based studies suggest psychosocial factors are very important in determining outcomes in patients with chronic pain. This study suggests that the same is true in patients referred to rheumatologists due to chronic musculoskeletal pain and that these factorsparticularly depressive symptoms and not being employedare more important than site or duration of pain in those patients.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
|Divisions:||Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School > Health Sciences
Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Self-efficacy, Chronic pain, Musculoskeletal system -- Diseases -- Patients, Pain clinics|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Rheumatology|
|Publisher:||Oxford University Press|
|Official Date:||December 2008|
|Number of Pages:||6|
|Page Range:||pp. 1803-1808|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||NIHR Biomedical Research Centre (BRC)|
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