The optimal sequence and selection of screening test items to predict fall risk in older disabled women : the women's health and aging study
Lamb, S. E., McCabe, Chris, Becker, Clemens, Fried, Linda P. and Guralnik, Jack M.. (2008) The optimal sequence and selection of screening test items to predict fall risk in older disabled women : the women's health and aging study. Journals of Gerontology. Series A: Biological Sciences & Medical Sciences, Vol.63 (No.10). pp. 1082-1088. ISSN 1079-5006Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://biomed.gerontologyjournals.org/
Background. Falls are a major cause of disability, dependence, and death in older people. Brief screening algorithms may he helpful in identifying risk and leading to more detailed assessment. Our aim was to determine the most effective sequence of falls screening test items from a wide selection of recommended items including self-report and performance tests, and to compare performance with other published guidelines.
Methods. Data were from a prospective, age-stratified, cohort study. Participants were 1002 community-dwelling women aged 65 years old or older, experiencing at least some mild disability. Assessments of fall risk factors were conducted in participants' homes. Fall outcomes were collected at 6 monthly intervals. Algorithms were built for prediction of any fall over a 12-month period using tree classification with cross-set validation.
Results. Algorithms using performance tests provided the best prediction of fall events, and achieved moderate to strong performance when compared to commonly accepted benchmarks. The items selected by the best performing algorithm were the number of falls in the last year and, in selected subpopulations, frequency of difficulty balancing while walking, a 4 m walking speed test, body mass index, and a test of knee extensor strength. The algorithm performed better than that from the American Geriatric Society/British Geriatric Society/American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and other guidance, although these findings should be treated with caution.
Conclusions. Suggestions are made on the type, number, and sequence of tests that could be used to maximize estimation of the probability of falling in older disabled women.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
|Divisions:||Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School > Health Sciences
Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Falls (Accidents) in old age, Women with disabilities -- Accidents, Older people with disabilities -- Accidents, Multiphasic health screening, Health risk assessment|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journals of Gerontology. Series A: Biological Sciences & Medical Sciences|
|Publisher:||Oxford University Press|
|Official Date:||October 2008|
|Number of Pages:||7|
|Page Range:||pp. 1082-1088|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||National Institute on Aging (NIA)|
|Grant number:||NO1-AG12112 (NIA)|
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