The prevalence of intellectual disabilities among 12000 prisoners - a systematic review
Fazel, Seena, Xenitidis, Kiriakos and Powell, John. (2008) The prevalence of intellectual disabilities among 12000 prisoners - a systematic review. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, Vol.31 (No.4). pp. 369-373. ISSN 0160-2527Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijlp.2008.06.001
There are 9 million prisoners worldwide, but it is uncertain what proportion have intellectual disabilities. Such prisoners have been identified as a vulnerable group at risk of victimization and mental illness. Psychiatric surveys based on interviews of unselected prison populations were sought, involving diagnoses of intellectual disabilities. The search was performed by computer-assisted searches, scanning of relevant reference lists, hand-searching of journals, and correspondence with authors of relevant reports. Prevalence rates of intellectual disabilities by gender and other potentially relevant Study characteristics were abstracted from publications. supplemented by information from authors of reports. Ten relevant surveys from four different countries were identified that included a total of 11,969 prisoners (mean age: 29 years; 92% male; 23% violent offenders). No formal calculation of a summary estimate of prevalence was undertaken due to substantial heterogeneity. The results suggest that typically 0.5-1.5% of prisoners were diagnosed with intellectual disabilities (range 0% to 2.8% across studies). We conclude that the number of prisoners with intellectual disabilities is considerable and discuss implications for policy and practice. (c) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
|Divisions:||Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School > Health Sciences
Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Prisoners, Mental retardation, Prisoners -- Mental health, Learning disabilities, Developmental disabilities, Systematic reviews (Medical research)|
|Journal or Publication Title:||International Journal of Law and Psychiatry|
|Publisher:||Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd.|
|Number of Pages:||5|
|Page Range:||pp. 369-373|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
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