Exercise training has greater effects on insulin sensitivity in daughters of patients with type 2 diabetes than in women with no family history of diabetes
Barwell, Nicholas D., Malkova, Dalia, Moran, Colin N., Cleland, Steve J., Packard, Christopher J., Zammit, V. A. (Victor A.) and Gill, J. M. R. (Jason M. R.). (2008) Exercise training has greater effects on insulin sensitivity in daughters of patients with type 2 diabetes than in women with no family history of diabetes. Diabetologia, Volume 51 (Number 10). pp. 1912-1919. ISSN 0012-186XFull text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00125-008-1097-6
Aims/hypothesis. Sedentary offspring of patients with type 2 diabetes are often more insulin-resistant than persons with no family history of diabetes, but when active or fit offspring of type 2 diabetic patients are compared with non-diabetic persons, differences in insulin resistance are less evident. This study aimed to determine the effects of an exercise training intervention on insulin sensitivity in both groups.
Methods. Women offspring (n=34) of type 2 diabetic patients (offspring age 35.6+/-7.0 years, BMI 28.1+/-5.1 kg/m(2)) and 36 matched female controls (age 33.6+/-6.1 years, BMI 27.3+/-4.7 kg/m(2)) participated. Body composition, fitness and metabolic measurements were made at baseline and after a controlled 7 week exercise intervention.
Results. At baseline, insulin sensitivity index (ISI) was 22% lower in offspring than controls (p < 0.05), despite similar body fat and maximal oxygen uptake ((V)over dotO(2max)) values in the two groups. ISI increased by 23% (p < 0.05) in offspring following the exercise intervention, compared with 7% (NS) in the controls. Increases in ((V)over dotO(2max))were similar in both groups (controls 12%, offspring 15%, p < 0.05 for both). Plasma leptin concentrations decreased significantly in the offspring (-24%, p < 0.01) but not in controls (0%, NS). Change in ISI correlated significantly with baseline ISI (r=-0.47, p < 0.0005) and change in leptin (r=-0.43, p < 0.0005). The latter relationship was not attenuated by adjustment for changes in body fat.
Conclusions/interpretation. Offspring, but not controls, significantly increased ISI in response to an exercise intervention, indicating that insulin sensitivity is more highly modulated by physical activity in daughters of patients with type 2 diabetes than in women with no family history of the disease.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QP Physiology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
|Divisions:||Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School > Translational & Systems Medicine > Metabolic and Vascular Health
Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Non-insulin-dependent diabetes -- Exercise therapy, Non-insulin-dependent diabetes -- Genetic aspects, Insulin resistance, Leptin, Sedentary behavior|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Diabetologia|
|Official Date:||October 2008|
|Number of Pages:||8|
|Page Range:||pp. 1912-1919|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||British Heart Foundation|
|Grant number:||PG/03/145 (BHF)|
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