The signalling profile of recombinant human orexin-2 receptor
Tang, Jiyou, Chen, J. (Jing), Ramanjaneya, Manjunath, Punn, Anu, Conner, Alex C. and Randeva, Harpal S.. (2008) The signalling profile of recombinant human orexin-2 receptor. Cellular Signalling, Vol.20 (No.9). pp. 1651-1661. ISSN 0898-6568Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cellsig.2008.05.010
Orexin-A and orexin-B orchestrate their diverse central and peripheral effects via two G-protein coupled receptors, OX1R and OX2R, which activate multiple C-proteins. In many tissues, orexins activate extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK); however, the mechanism by which OX2R alone mediates MAPK activation is not understood. This study describes the intracellular signalling pathways involved in OX2R-mediated ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK activation. In HEK-293 cells stably over-expressing recombinant human OX2R, orexin-A/B resulted in a rapid, dose and time dependent increase in activation of ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK, with maximal activation at 10 min for ERK1/2 and 30 min for p38 MAPK. Using dominant-negative G-proteins and selective inhibitors of intracellular signalling cascades, we determined that orexin-A and orexin-B induced ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK activation through multiple G-proteins and different intracellular signalling pathways. ERK1/2 activation involves Gq/phospholipase C (PLC)/protein kinase C (PKC), Gs/adenylyl cyclase (AC)/cAMP/protein kinase A (PKA) and Gi cascades; however, the Gq/PLC/PKC pathway, as well as PKA is not required for OX2R-mediated p38 MAPK activation. Interestingly, orexin-B-induced ERK1/2 activation is predominantly mediated through the Gq/PLC/PKC pathway. In conclusion, this is the first comprehensive signalling study of the human OX2R recombinant receptor, showing ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK activation are regulated by differential signalling pathways in HEK-293 cells, and that the ERK1/2 activation is severely affected by naturally occurring mutants associated with narcolepsy. Moreover, it is evident that the human OX2R has ligand specific effects, with orexin-B being more potent in this transfected system and this distinct modulation of the MAPKs through OX2R, may translate to the regulation of diverse biological actions of orexins. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QP Physiology
|Divisions:||Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School > Translational & Systems Medicine > Metabolic and Vascular Health
Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Orexins, G proteins, Cellular signal transduction|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Cellular Signalling|
|Official Date:||September 2008|
|Number of Pages:||11|
|Page Range:||pp. 1651-1661|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||British Heart Foundation, Coventry General Charities|
|Grant number:||PG/03/131/16192 (BHF)|
 T. Sakurai, A. Amemiya, M. Ishii, I. Matsuzaki, R.M. Chemelli, H. Tanaka, S.C.
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