Beneficial microorganism survival on seed, roots and in rhizosphere soil following application to seed during drum priming
Bennett, Amanda J. and Whipps, John M.. (2008) Beneficial microorganism survival on seed, roots and in rhizosphere soil following application to seed during drum priming. Biological Control, Vol.44 (No.3). pp. 349-361. ISSN 1049-9644Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2007.11.005
Priming is a technique used to improve seedling establishment of direct-seeded crops such as onion and carrot, resulting in a quick and uniform emergence. This work investigated the application of four selected beneficial microorganisms (Pseudomonas chlororaphis MA342, Pseudomonas fluorescens CHA0, Clonostachys rosea IK726d11 and Trichoderma harzianum T22) to onion and carrot seed during drum priming, and their subsequent survival and establishment in the rhizosphere once the seed was planted. Different application rates of fungi (7log(10) cfu g(-1) dry seed) and bacteria (6log(10) cfu g(-1) dry seed) were required on onion to achieve the end target of 5log10 cfu g(-1) dry seed, whereas a lower rate (5log(10) cfu g(-1) dry seed for both bacteria and fungi) was successful on carrot. Microorganism-treated seed was planted in soil in the glasshouse and root and rhizosphere soil samples were taken at 2, 4 and 8 weeks post-planting. All seed-applied microorganisms were recovered throughout the experiment, although differences in the survival patterns were seen. The bacterial isolates declined in number over time, with P. fluorescens CHA0 showing better overall survival than P. chlororaphis MA342, particularly on the roots and in the rhizosphere soil of carrot. In contrast to the bacteria, the fungal isolate C rosea IK726d11 showed good survival on both onion and carrot, and increased significantly in number throughout the 8-week period. Trichoderma harzianum T22 remained relatively constant in number throughout the experiment, but showed better survival on carrot than onion roots. Similar results were found in three different soil-types. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Q Science > QL Zoology
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Life Sciences (2010- ) > Warwick HRI (2004-2010)|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Biological Control|
|Number of Pages:||13|
|Page Range:||pp. 349-361|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
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