Temperature and prey capture : opposite relationships in two predator taxa
Kruse, Peter Dalgas, Toft, Soren and Sunderland, K. D.. (2008) Temperature and prey capture : opposite relationships in two predator taxa. Ecological Entomology, Volume 33 (Number 2). pp. 305-312. ISSN 0307-6946Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.2007.00978.x
1. All other things equal, predator capture rates are expected to depend on encounter rate with prey, prey escape capability (including prey defences), and on predator agility. Ectotherm predators and their prey both respond to increasing temperature by increased activity, i.e. predators increase their search area and prey may enhance their escape capability. This means that, as temperature changes, the ability of a predator to catch prey will decrease, increase, or remain unchanged depending on the relative effect of temperature on predator and prey. Their responses may further be differentially moulded by light conditions depending on whether the predator is diurnally or nocturnally active. It was hypothesised that flying Diptera are vulnerable to carabid beetles only at low temperatures and over the full temperature range for spiders because carabids, in contrast to spiders, are not built to catch swiftly moving prey.
2. The first experiment examined the spontaneous locomotor activity of the predators and of fruit flies at different temperatures (5, 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30 degrees C) and light conditions (light, dark). A second experiment examined the effect of temperature and light on the predation rate of two carabid beetles (Pterostichus versicolor and Calathus fuscipes) and two spiders (Clubiona phragmitis and Pardosa prativaga) using fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster) as prey.
3. All four predators and the fruit fly increased their locomotory activity at higher temperatures. Activity of the carabid beetles peaked at intermediate temperatures; spiders and fruit flies were most active at the highest temperatures. Predation rate of the spiders increased with temperature whereas the beetles caught flies only at low temperatures (5 and 10 degrees C).
4. Diurnal variation in temperature may bring different prey groups within the set of potential prey at different times of the day or at different seasons. The ability of many carabid beetles to forage at low temperatures may have nutritional benefits and increases the diversity of interactions in terrestrial food webs.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QL Zoology
Q Science > QP Physiology
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Life Sciences (2010- ) > Warwick HRI (2004-2010)|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Predation (Biology), Spiders, Ground beetles, Circadian rhythms|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Ecological Entomology|
|Publisher:||Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.|
|Official Date:||April 2008|
|Number of Pages:||8|
|Page Range:||pp. 305-312|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||Denmark. Forskningsrådene [Danish Research Councils]|
Amalin , D.M. , Reiskind , J. , Peña , J.E. & McSorley , R . ( 2001 ) Predatory
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