A dynamic model for the combined effects of N, P and K fertilizers on yield and mineral composition; description and experimental test
Zhang, Kefeng, Greenwood, Duncan J. , White, Philip J. and Burns, Ian G.. (2007) A dynamic model for the combined effects of N, P and K fertilizers on yield and mineral composition; description and experimental test. Plant and Soil, Vol.298 (No.1-2). pp. 81-98. ISSN 0032-079XFull text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11104-007-9342-1
This paper describes an integrated model for calculating the interactive effects of N, P and K fertilizers on crop response by combining routines from separate N, P and K models which used readily available inputs. The new model uses the principle of the 'law of the Minimum' to calculate actual daily increments in plant weight and uptake of each nutrient based on the nutrient least able to meet the plant requirements, although account is also taken of soil factors such as the dependence of soil solution K on the level of mineral N. The validity of the model was tested against the results of 4 field experiments with different combinations of crop species, times of harvest, and levels of N, P and K fertilizers. The integrated model gave good overall predictions of the plant dry weight (excluding fibrous roots) and %N of the dry weight. However, predictions of its %P and %K in the dry weight were less satisfactory, especially in the luxury range. Simulation studies with low levels of nutrients showed that, while most interactive effects on final yield conformed to the Law of the Minimum type of response, the inter-dependence of K and nitrate concentrations in the soil solution resulted in responses to K at different levels of N that were better represented by the Mitscherlich equation or the Multiple Limitation Hypothesis. Thus the adaptability of the model allowed it to reproduce crop responses predicted by three quite different non-mechanistic static equations previously used in the literature to summarise nutrient interaction data. This suggests that the model has the potential to provide a mechanistic basis for interpreting factorial NPK fertilizer trials. Opportunities for improving the model were provided by the experimental findings that %P was strongly correlated with %N throughout the entire range of treatments; that K fertilizers failed to increase %K when %N was low; that fertilizer N increased plant %K when the level of K fertilizer was substantial but not otherwise; and that fertilizer-P depressed plant %K. The model validation also showed that there is a need to improve the parameterization for major crops.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Life Sciences (2010- ) > Warwick HRI (2004-2010)|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Plant and Soil|
|Official Date:||September 2007|
|Number of Pages:||18|
|Page Range:||pp. 81-98|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs|
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