The phase change from vegetative to reproductive growth in Agaricus bisporus
Herman, Bram (2009) The phase change from vegetative to reproductive growth in Agaricus bisporus. PhD thesis, University of Warwick.
WRAP_THESIS_Herman_2009.pdf - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Official URL: http://webcat.warwick.ac.uk/record=b2318360~S15
The phase change from vegetative to reproductive growth in Agaricus bisporus is a complex process involving changes in morphology at least in part regulated genetically and influenced by various environmental signals. This work was aimed at understanding how the morphology changes, and the specific environmental parameters are involved, and which genes show changes in transcription during the phase change process in A. bisporus. Different resources and methodologies were developed and applied to investigate this process including digital time-lapse photography, genome database assembly, design, validation and normalisation of a custom oligonucleotide gene expression microarray and analysis of microarray-generated gene expression profiles showing the response of this fungus under stimulatory and non-stimulatory environmental conditions. Key stages that occur during reproductive differentiation and development were identified and defined. It was found that temperature and the mushroom volatile, 1-octen-3-ol, act as an on/off switches as they block specific stages of the phase change while carbon dioxide acts as a quantitative regulator as high amounts of this molecule reduce the number of primordia and fruit bodies that develop. Gene expression profiles were constructed showing the changes in gene expression in peat-based A. bisporus samples, grown under commercial cultivation conditions which were designed to stimulate reproductive growth, and experimental cultivation conditions which were designed to separate out the effects of the three environmental parameters mentioned previously. It was found that 52 genes were differentially expressed in A. bisporus during the phase change from vegetative mycelium into fruit body primordia. A comparison with the gene expression profiles constructed for the experimental growth conditions, in correlation with morphological observations enabled the separation of these 52 genes into 3 clusters. One cluster contained 4 genes that are likely to be involved in the regulation of the “early” phase change, a second cluster contained 11 genes that are likely to be involved in the regulation of the “late” phase change and the third cluster contained 37 genes that are likely to be involved with physiological processes supporting the phase change.
|Item Type:||Thesis or Dissertation (PhD)|
|Subjects:||S Agriculture > SB Plant culture|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Cultivated mushroom -- Research, Mushroom culture -- Research, Fungi -- Genetics|
|Institution:||University of Warwick|
|Theses Department:||Warwick HRI|
|Supervisor(s)/Advisor:||Burton, Kerry ; Eastwood, Dan ; Sreenivasaprasad, Prasad|
|Sponsors:||Great Britain. Dept. for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA)|
|Format of File:|
|Extent:||xxi, 216 leaves : col. ill., charts|
Actions (login required)