Nineteenth-century trade union sponsored migration to and from North America, c.1850-1885, with special reference to the activities of the Amalgamated Society of Engineers, a selection of other 'new model' trade unions, emigration schemes and return migration
Murray, Stephen (2009) Nineteenth-century trade union sponsored migration to and from North America, c.1850-1885, with special reference to the activities of the Amalgamated Society of Engineers, a selection of other 'new model' trade unions, emigration schemes and return migration. PhD thesis, University of Warwick.Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://webcat.warwick.ac.uk/record=b2334490~S15
The thesis examines labourers’ assisted migration to and from North America
during 1850-1885, the dates of societies’ emigration schemes. The dissertation
focuses on ‘New Model’ unions: the Engineers, Carpenters, Steam Engine
Makers and Iron Founders. Three of these unions had overseas branches; one did
not. The dissertation explores the significance of the introduction, development,
use and eventual termination of these schemes for labour history.
Emigration scheme research is limited, with little recent work published
since 1955. The dissertation offers solutions to conflicting views on the exact
duration of the Founders’ scheme and supplies evidence that the Engineers
continued to fund members even after their scheme officially ended. Furthermore,
it argues that scheme-termination was led more by external factors (notably via
Contract Labor Acts) than internal factors, and that the duration of the Founders’
scheme related more to overseas branch absence than to fund shortage or ethos.
Additionally, the view is challenged that schemes purely supported labour supply
regulation and/or escape avenues for agitators and black listed unionists. Unions
had different motives, different periods defined those motives, and executives
operated in members’ best interests.
The research provides new and supporting evidence of inter-society and
government emigration co-operation. It focuses on the under-studied topic of
return migration, specifically union-funded return, with empirical evidence
provided of union funded and non-funded emigrants and returnees. It adopts a
range of socio-economic variables. Finally, adding to scant knowledge of internal
migration or emigration alternatives, empirical evidence is provided of preemigration
and post-return movement of unionists. Correspondence, particularly
between overseas branches and union executives, is used throughout. Finally, a
major component involves a project at Fall River, which explores the extent that
emigrants’ descendants have assimilated in probably the most important
receiving area for nineteenth-century skilled Lancastrian workmen.
|Item Type:||Thesis or Dissertation (PhD)|
|Subjects:||J Political Science > JV Colonies and colonization. Emigration and immigration. International migration
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Amalgamated Society of Engineers, Labor unions -- Great Britain -- History -- 19th century, Great Britain -- Emigration and immigration, United States -- Emigration and immigration|
|Official Date:||July 2009|
|Institution:||University of Warwick|
|Theses Department:||Department of History|
|Supervisor(s)/Advisor:||Fagge, Roger ; Finn, Margot C.|
|Extent:||414 leaves : ill.|
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