Ethnicity and detention in the UK : a systematic review and metaanalysis
Singh, Swaran P., Greenwood, N., White, S. and Churchill, R. (2007) Ethnicity and detention in the UK : a systematic review and metaanalysis. In: 15th AEP Congress, Madrid, Spain, 17-21 Mar 2007. Published in: European Psychiatry, Vol.22 (No.S1). S168-S168.Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpsy.2007.01.550
Background: In the UK, Black and minority ethnic (BME) patients have been reported to be disproportionately detained under the Mental Health Act.
Aims: Systematic review of all UK literature on ethnicity and detention with meta-analysis of detention rates for BME patients, to determine range of explanatory hypotheses and examine the evidence for these hypotheses
Methods: Electronic data bases searched for all date-based studies (1984-2005). Meta-analyses performed where data available. Explanations offered for any excess categorised and evidence examined.
Results: 49 studies identified, 19 included in meta-analyses. Compared with White patients, Blacks were 3.83 times, BME patients 3.35 times and Asians 2.06 times more likely to be detained. Racial stereotyping and discrimination against BME patients was the most often cited explanation (53% studies); followed by alienation and mistrust of psychiatric services (28%); higher rates of psychosis (22%); delay in help seeking (18%); and misdiagnosis/ under recognition of illness (16%). There was no primary evidence provided by any study to confirm any of these explanations, while some papers presented data that contradicted these explanations.
Conclusions: BME patients experience higher rates of detention under the MHA than White patients. Available explanations offered for this excess are largely unsupported. Explanations such as ‘institutional racism’ in psychiatry neither accurately account for the excess, nor help find ways of reducing detention rates.
|Item Type:||Conference Item (Poster)|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School|
|Journal or Publication Title:||European Psychiatry|
|Official Date:||March 2007|
|Number of Pages:||1|
|Status:||Not Peer Reviewed|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Conference Paper Type:||Poster|
|Title of Event:||15th AEP Congress|
|Type of Event:||Other|
|Location of Event:||Madrid, Spain|
|Date(s) of Event:||17-21 Mar 2007|
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