Adiponectin and resistin in human cerebrospinal fluid and expression of adiponectin receptors in the human hypothalamus
Kos, Katarina, Harte, A. L. (Alison L.), da Silva, Nancy F., Tonchev, Anton, Chaldakov, Georgi, James, Sean, Snead, David R. J., Hoggart, Barbara, O'Hare, J. Paul, McTernan, P. G. (Philip G.) and Kumar, Sudhesh. (2007) Adiponectin and resistin in human cerebrospinal fluid and expression of adiponectin receptors in the human hypothalamus. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism , Vol.92 (No.3). pp. 1129-1136. ISSN 0021-972xFull text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/jc.2006-1841
Context: The adipokine leptin has critical importance in central appetite regulation. In contrast to some suggestion of adiponectin influencing energy homeostasis in rodents, there is no evidence for adiponectin or resistin entering the human blood-brain barrier.
Objective: The objective was to establish the presence of adiponectin or resistin in human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and to compare their distribution with leptin. Furthermore, we wished to examine the expression of the adiponectin receptors 1 and 2 (AdipR1, AdipR2) in the human hypothalamus.
Methods: For this purpose, serum and CSF samples were collected from 20 men and 19 women matched for age [men, 69.8 +/- 8.6 yr (mean +/- SD); women, 69.4 +/- 4.3 yr] and BMI ( men, 29.4 +/- 3.4 kg/m(2); women, 27.3 +/- 4.8 kg/m(2)) undergoing elective surgery under spinal anesthesia.
Results: Adiponectin was identified in CSF with levels 1000-fold less than serum, whereas resistin and leptin levels were 100-fold less. Unlike their serum levels, adiponectin CSF levels showed no gender difference or correlation with insulin resistance, which is similar to resistin CSF levels. The adiponectin and leptin CSF/serum ratios in our study exhibit the same pattern of gender-specific BMI association with inverse correlation in women (r = -0.61; P = 0.02) and no correlation in men (r = 0.026; P = not significant). Furthermore, immunostaining established AdipR1 and -2 in the hypothalamus and increased AdipR2 expression in the paraventricular nucleus, which is involved in energy regulation.
Conclusion: In summary, our findings show both the presence of adiponectin and resistin in human CSF, with no effect of insulin resistance on CSF levels. The CSF entry of adiponectin and leptin in women appears to be impaired in obesity.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RC Internal medicine|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism|
|Official Date:||March 2007|
|Number of Pages:||8|
|Page Range:||pp. 1129-1136|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
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