Pharmacological and molecular characterization of ATP-sensitive K+ conductances in CART and NPY/AgRP expressing neurons of the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus
Van den Top, M., Lyons, D. J., Lee, K., Coderre, E., Renaud, L. P. and Spanswick, D.. (2007) Pharmacological and molecular characterization of ATP-sensitive K+ conductances in CART and NPY/AgRP expressing neurons of the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus. Neuroscience, Vol.144 (No.3). pp. 815-824. ISSN 0306-4522Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2006.09.0...
The role of hypothalamic ATP-sensitive potassium channels in the maintenance of energy homeostasis has been extensively explored. However, how these channels are incorporated into the neuronal networks of the arcuate nucleus remains unclear. Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings from rat arcuate nucleus neurons in hypothalamic slice preparations revealed widespread expression of functional ATPsensitive potassium channels within the nucleus. ATP-sensitive potassium channels were expressed in orexigenic neuropeptide Y/agouti-related protein (NPY/AgRP) and ghrelinsensitive neurons and in anorexigenic cocaine-andamphetamine regulated transcript (CART) neurons. In 70% of the arcuate nucleus neurons recorded, exposure to glucosefree bathing medium induced inhibition of electrical excitability, the response being characterized by membrane hyperpolarization, a reduction in neuronal input resistance and a reversal potential consistent with opening of potassium channels. These effects were reversible upon re-introduction of glucose to the bathing medium or upon exposure to the ATP-sensitive potassium channel blockers tolbutamide or glibenclamide. The potassium channel opener diazoxide, but not pinacidil, also induced a tolbutamide and glibenclamidesensitive inhibition of electrical excitability. Single-cell reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction revealed expression of mRNA for sulfonylurea receptor 1 but not sulfonylurea receptor 2 subunits of ATP-sensitive potassium channels. Thus, rat arcuate nucleus neurons, including those involved in functionally antagonistic orexigenic and anorexigenic pathways express functional ATP-sensitive potassium channels which include sulfonylurea receptor 1 subunits. These data indicate a crucial role for these ion channels in central sensing of metabolic and energy status. However, further studies are needed to clarify the differential roles of these channels, the organization of signaling pathways that regulate them and how they operate in functionally opposing cell types. (c) 2006 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Neuroscience|
|Date:||9 February 2007|
|Number of Pages:||10|
|Page Range:||pp. 815-824|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
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