The role of oxidant stress in angiotensin II-mediated contraction of human resistance arteries in the state of health and the presence of cardiovascular disease
Hussain, Monira B., Puntmann, Valentina O., Mayr, Manuel, Khong, Teck and Singer, Donald R. J.. (2006) The role of oxidant stress in angiotensin II-mediated contraction of human resistance arteries in the state of health and the presence of cardiovascular disease. VASCULAR PHARMACOLOGY, 45 (6). pp. 395-399. ISSN 1537-1891Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vph.2006.06.001
Background Angiotensin II is a powerful vasoconstrictor and regulator of cardiovascular growth. Also, it increases formation of reactive oxygen species and contributes to vascular dysfunction. We investigated the role of oxidant stress in contraction of human resistance arteries to angiotensin II, in health and in the presence of cardiovascular disease.
Methods and patients: Studies of isometric contraction to angiotensin II, using human resistance arteries from healthy volunteers and patients, undergoing cardiac revascularization surgery, were performed by the broad-spectrum antioxidant agent vitamin C and superoxide dismutase mimetic TEMPOL. In the presence of vitamin C, the potency and the maximum contractile response were reduced in both patients and healthy volunteers. Addition of TEMPOL caused a decrease in angiotensin II-induced contraction only in the patients' group.
Conclusions: Our studies provide evidence for the role of oxidant stress in the contractile response of human resistance arteries to angiotensin II. In patients with cardiovascular disease, the superoxide anion may be the major species involved. In healthy subjects, other reactive oxygen species and the redox-independent vasoconstrictor action of angiotensin II predominate.
Condensed abstract: Increased formation of reactive oxygen species, due to angiotensin II, contributes to vascular dysfunction. We determined the oxidative reactivity of human resistance arteries to angiotensin II in healthy subjects and patients, undergoing cardiac revascularization surgery, using the broad-spectrum antioxidant agent, vitamin C, and superoxide dismutase mimetic, TEMPOL. There was a large decrease in potency and maximum of angiotensin II-induced contractile response noted in both groups with the former, while the latter reduced contraction only in the patients' group. Superoxide anion may play a major role in angiotensin II contractions of human resistance arteries in the presence of cardiovascular disease. In healthy subjects, other reactive species and the redox-independent pathways predominate. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica|
|Journal or Publication Title:||VASCULAR PHARMACOLOGY|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC|
|Official Date:||December 2006|
|Number of Pages:||5|
|Page Range:||pp. 395-399|
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