Proinflammatory activation of Toll-like receptor-2 during exposure of penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae to beta-lactam antibiotics
Moore, Lisa J., Gilbey, Andrea M., Dowson, Christopher G., Pridmore, Alison C., Dower, Steven K. and Read, Robert C.. (2007) Proinflammatory activation of Toll-like receptor-2 during exposure of penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae to beta-lactam antibiotics. JOURNAL OF ANTIMICROBIAL CHEMOTHERAPY, 59 (1). pp. 35-42. ISSN 0305-7453Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkl442
Objectives: Disease caused by penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae (PRSP) is associated with more suppurative complications than disease caused by penicillin-susceptible S. pneumoniae (PSSP). Exposure of S. pneumoniae to beta-lactam antibiotics enhances the proinflammatory activation of human cells by pneumococci via Toll-like receptor-2 (TLR2). To test the hypothesis that penicillin resistance influences cellular TLR2 activation by beta-lactam-exposed pneumococci, we compared TLR2 induction by PSSP (MIC 0.06 mg/L) and a high-level PRSP clinical isolate (159; MIC 16 mg/L) following exposure to penicillin and cefotaxime. Methods: Both organisms were treated with penicillin or cefotaxime at and around the MIC. TLR2 signalling was measured as relative IL-8 promoter activation in transfected HeLa cells. Results: On exposure to penicillin, log-phase PSSP and PRSP induced TLR2-proinflammatory activation at levels significantly higher than unexposed bacteria, and maximal in each case at the MIC. Transformants containing low-affinity penicillin-binding proteins (PBP) 2x, 1a and 2b exhibited stepwise resistance to cefotaxime and penicillin. TLR2 activation following penicillin treatment was dependent on an abnormal cell wall (PBP1a and 2x) and autolysis (PBP2b). High affinity PBP2x was required for this effect to be observed in log-phase pneumococci exposed to cefotaxime at the MIC. Cefotaxime-mediated TLR2 activation was not observed in lag-phase transformants exposed to sub-lethal concentrations. Conclusions: These data show that PRSP have similar TLR2-proinflammatory effects to PSSP when exposed to beta-lactam antibiotics but the antibiotic concentration relative to the MIC is critical. This has implications for treatment of pneumococcal disease when tissue concentrations of antibiotic are close to the MIC.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR355 Virology
Q Science > QR Microbiology
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
|Journal or Publication Title:||JOURNAL OF ANTIMICROBIAL CHEMOTHERAPY|
|Publisher:||OXFORD UNIV PRESS|
|Number of Pages:||8|
|Page Range:||pp. 35-42|
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