A systematic review of the evidence for hip surveillance in children with cerebral palsy
Gordon, G. S. and Simkiss, Douglas E. (2006) A systematic review of the evidence for hip surveillance in children with cerebral palsy. JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-BRITISH VOLUME, 88B (11). pp. 1492-1496. ISSN 0301-620XFull text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.88B11.18114
We reviewed the evidence for hip surveillance in children with cerebral palsy from the published literature.
Publications were identified using the Cochrane controlled trials register, the MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL databases and by hand searching key journals and their references. Studies were included if they reported the frequency, associated risk factors or surveillance measures undertaken to identify subluxation or dislocation of the hip in children with cerebral palsy. Assessment of the quality of the methodology was undertaken independently by two researchers.
Four studies described the natural history, incidence and risk factors for dislocation of the hip. Two reported their surveillance results. Approximately 60% of children who were not walking by five years of age were likely to develop subluxation of the hip, with the greatest risk in those with severe neurological involvement. The introduction of surveillance programmes allowed earlier identification of subluxation and reduced the need for surgery on dislocated hips.
Surveillance can identify children most at risk of subluxation using radiological methods which are widely available.
|Item Type:||Journal Item|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
R Medicine > RD Surgery
|Journal or Publication Title:||JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-BRITISH VOLUME|
|Publisher:||BRITISH EDITORIAL SOC BONE JOINT SURGERY|
|Official Date:||November 2006|
|Number of Pages:||5|
|Page Range:||pp. 1492-1496|
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