Temporal and spatial dispersal of Cladobotryum conidia in the controlled environment of a mushroom growing room
Adie, Bruce, Grogan, Helen, Archer, Simon and Mills, P. R. (Peter R.). (2006) Temporal and spatial dispersal of Cladobotryum conidia in the controlled environment of a mushroom growing room. APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, 72 (11). pp. 7212-7217. ISSN 0099-2240Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AEM.01369-06
Cladobotryum spp. are responsible for cobweb disease of mushrooms. In two commercial and one experimental mushroom-growing room, Cladobotryum conidia were released into the air in direct response to physical disturbance of disease colonies during either crop watering or treatment by covering with salt to 10 mm. Conidia were detected using a Burkard spore trap or agar-based trap plates. A maximum concentration of similar to 25,000 conidia m(-3) was recorded in a small (75-m(3)) experimental growing room in the hour following the salting of 16 cobweb patches (0.55 m(2)). Concentrations of 100 and 40 conidia m(-3) were recorded in the two larger commercial growing rooms in the hour following the salting of 18 and 11 patches of cobweb (diameter, approximately 50 to 200 mm), respectively. In controlled experiments, disturbed conidia were dispersed rapidly throughout a small growing room, with 91 to 97% of conidia settling out within 15 min. Eighty-five percent of conidia settled out within a 0.5-m radius when air-conditioning fans were switched off, consistent with airborne spore dispersal. Alternative methods for treating diseased areas to minimize conidial release and distribution were investigated and included covering disease colonies with damp paper tissue prior to salt application (tissue salting) and holding a dust extractor above disease colonies during salt application. Both methods resulted in no detectable airborne conidia, but the tissue paper salting technique was more convenient. Prevention of airborne conidial release and distribution is essential to avoid mushroom spotting symptoms, secondary colonies, and early crop termination.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Q Science > QR Microbiology
|Journal or Publication Title:||APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY|
|Publisher:||AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY|
|Official Date:||November 2006|
|Number of Pages:||6|
|Page Range:||pp. 7212-7217|
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