Development of a population-based threshold model of conidial germination for analysing the effects of physiological manipulation on the stress tolerance and infectivity of insect pathogenic fungi
Andersen, M., Magan, N., Mead, A. (Andrew) and Chandler, Dave. (2006) Development of a population-based threshold model of conidial germination for analysing the effects of physiological manipulation on the stress tolerance and infectivity of insect pathogenic fungi. Environmental Microbiology, Vol.8 (No.9). pp. 1625-1634. ISSN 1462-2912Full text not available from this repository.
Entomopathogenic fungi are being used as biocontrol agents of insect pests, but their efficacy can be poor in environments where water availability is reduced. In this study, the potential to improve biocontrol by physiologically manipulating fungal inoculum was investigated. Cultures of Beauveria bassiana, Lecanicillium muscarium, Lecanicillium longisporum, Metarhizium anisopliae and Paecilomyces fumosoroseus were manipulated by growing them under conditions of water stress, which produced conidia with increased concentrations of erythritol. The time-course of germination of conidia at different water activities (water activity, a(w)) was described using a generalized linear model, and in most cases reducing the water activity of the germination medium delayed the onset of germination without affecting the distribution of germination times. The germination of M. anisopliae, L. muscarium, L. longisporum and P. fumosoroseus was accelerated over a range of a(w) levels as a result of physiological manipulation. However, the relationship between the effect of physiological manipulation on germination and the osmolyte content of conidia varied according to fungal species. There was a linear relationship between germination rate, expressed as the reciprocal of germination time, and a(w) of the germination medium, but there was no significant effect of fungal species or physiological manipulation on the a(w) threshold for germination. In bioassays with M. anisopliae, physiologically manipulated conidia germinated more rapidly on the surface of an insect host, the melon cotton aphid Aphis gossypii, and fungal virulence was increased even when relative humidity was reduced after an initial high period. It is concluded that physiological manipulation may lead to improvements in biocontrol in the field, but choice of fungal species/isolate will be critical. In addition, the population-based threshold model used in this study, which considered germination in terms of physiological time, also called hydrotime, could have general application in mycology and environmental microbiology.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QR Microbiology|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Life Sciences (2010- )
Faculty of Science > Life Sciences (2010- ) > Warwick HRI (2004-2010)
|Journal or Publication Title:||Environmental Microbiology|
|Publisher:||Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.|
|Number of Pages:||10|
|Page Range:||pp. 1625-1634|
Actions (login required)