Identification of isolates that cause a leaf spot disease of brassicas as Xanthomonas campestris pv. raphani and pathogenic and genetic comparison with related pathovars
UNSPECIFIED. (2006) Identification of isolates that cause a leaf spot disease of brassicas as Xanthomonas campestris pv. raphani and pathogenic and genetic comparison with related pathovars. PHYTOPATHOLOGY, 96 (7). pp. 735-745. ISSN 0031-949XFull text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PHYTO-96-0735
Twenty-five Xanthomonars isolates, including some isolates received as either X. campestris pv. armoraciae or pv. raphani, caused discrete leaf spot symptoms when spray-inoculated onto at least one Brassica oleracea cultivar. Twelve of these isolates and four other Xanthomonas isolates were spray- and pin-inoculated onto 21 different plant species/cultivars including horseradish (Armoracia rusticana), radish (Raphanus sativus). and tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum). The remaining 13 leaf spot isolates were spray-inoculated onto a subset of 10 plant species/cultivars. The leaf spot isolates were very aggressive on several Brassica spp.. radish, and tomato causing leaf spots and dark sunken lesions on the middle vein, petiole, and stem. Based on the differential reactions of several Brassica spp. and radish cultivars, the leaf spot isolates were divided into three races. with races 1 and 3 predominating. A differential series was established to determine the race-type of isolates and a gene-for-gene model based on the interaction of two avirtslence genes in the pathogen races and two snatching resistance genes in the differential hosts is proposed. Repetitive-DNA polymerase chain reaction-based fingerprinting was used to assess the genetic diversity of the leaf spot isolates and isolates of closely related Xanthomonas pathovars. Although there was variability within each race, the leaf spot isolates were clustered separately from the X. campestris pv. campestris isolates. We propose that X. campestris isolates that cause a nonvascular leaf spot disease on Brassica spp. Should be identified as pv. raphani and not pv. armoraciae. Race-type strains and a neopathotype strain for X. campestris pv. raphani are proposed.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||S Agriculture > SB Plant culture|
|Journal or Publication Title:||PHYTOPATHOLOGY|
|Publisher:||AMER PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOC|
|Number of Pages:||11|
|Page Range:||pp. 735-745|
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