Modelling the many-wrongs principle: The navigational advantages of aggregation in nomadic foragers
UNSPECIFIED. (2006) Modelling the many-wrongs principle: The navigational advantages of aggregation in nomadic foragers. JOURNAL OF THEORETICAL BIOLOGY, 240 (2). pp. 302-310. ISSN 0022-5193Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2005.09.019
We develop a simple individual-based model to gain an understanding of the drivers of aggregation behaviour in nomadic foragers. The model incorporates two key elements influencing nomadic foragers in variable environments: uncertainty regarding the location of food sources and variability in the spatio-temporal distribution of ephemeral food sources. A genetic algorithm is used to evolve parameters describing an individual's movement and aggregation strategy. We apply the aggregation model to a case study of the Bornean bearded pig (Sus barbatus). Bearded pigs are ideal for considering the foraging advantages of aggregation, because they are highly mobile and exhibit a variety of aggregation strategies, ranging from solitary and sedentary to mass aggregation and wide ranging migration. Our model demonstrates the "many-wrongs principle", and shows that environmental variability, uncertainty in the location of food sources, and local population density drive aggregation behaviour. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology|
|Journal or Publication Title:||JOURNAL OF THEORETICAL BIOLOGY|
|Publisher:||ACADEMIC PRESS LTD ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD|
|Official Date:||21 May 2006|
|Number of Pages:||9|
|Page Range:||pp. 302-310|
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