Integrated control of Allium white rot with Trichoderma viride, tebuconazole and composted onion waste
Clarkson, John P., Scruby, A., Mead, A. (Andrew), Wright, Carole, Smith, B. and Whipps, J. M.. (2006) Integrated control of Allium white rot with Trichoderma viride, tebuconazole and composted onion waste. Plant Pathology, Vol.55 (No.3). pp. 375-386. ISSN 0032-0862Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3059.2006.01389.x
Two isolates of Trichoderma viride (L4 and S17A) were assessed for biological control of Allium white rot (AWR) with different onion accessions and cultivars, alone and in combination with a tebuconazole-based seed treatment or composted onion waste. In glasshouse tests, 23 new bulb-onion accessions from previous work to detect resistance to Sclerotium cepivorum showed no differences in susceptibility to AWR but, when combined with S17A, disease was reduced by up to two-thirds over all accessions. Trichoderma viride L4 and S17A also reduced the proportion of infected plants for five commercial bulb-onion cultivars and one advanced breeding line by at least one-third. Further glasshouse tests using a salad-onion cultivar showed that L4, S17A, tebuconazole or composted onion waste controlled AWR and at least halved the proportion of diseased plants. Combination treatments of T. viride with either tebuconazole or compost enhanced control and, in some treatments, disease was almost eliminated. In field trials, control of AWR by S17A was significant for 17 out of 18 individual or mixed bulb-onion accessions, with disease reduced overall by more than half. In another field experiment, S17A failed significantly to reduce AWR for two out of three commercial bulb-onion cultivars, while tebuconazole reduced the final proportion of AWR-infected plants over all cultivars from 0.47 to 0.09. Combining S17A and tebuconazole resulted in a similar level of AWR to using tebuconazole alone. The use of T. viride in an integrated strategy with other treatments to enhance control of S. cepivorum is discussed.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Life Sciences (2010- )
Faculty of Science > Life Sciences (2010- ) > Warwick HRI (2004-2010)
|Journal or Publication Title:||Plant Pathology|
|Publisher:||Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.|
|Official Date:||June 2006|
|Number of Pages:||12|
|Page Range:||pp. 375-386|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
|Funder:||Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (UK) (DEFRA)|
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