Diffusion of green fluorescent protein in three cell environments in Escherichia coli
UNSPECIFIED. (2006) Diffusion of green fluorescent protein in three cell environments in Escherichia coli. JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY, 188 (10). pp. 3442-3448. ISSN 0021-9193Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JB.188.10.3442-3448.2006
Surprisingly little is known about the physical environment inside a prokaryotic cell. Knowledge of the rates at which proteins and other cell components can diffuse is crucial for the understanding of a cell as a physical system. There have been numerous measurements of diffusion coefficients in eukaryotic cells by using fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) and related techniques. Much less information is available about diffusion coefficients in prokaryotic cells, which differ from eukaryotic cells in a number of significant respects. We have used FRAP to observe the diffusion of green fluorescent protein (GFP) in cells of Escherichia coli elongated by growth in the presence of cephalexin. GFP was expressed in the cytoplasm, exported into the periplasm using the twin-arginine translocation (Tat) system, or fused to an integral plasma membrane protein (TatA). We show that TatA-GFP diffuses in the plasma membrane with a diffusion coefficient comparable to that of a typical eukaryotic membrane protein. A previous report showed a very low rate of protein diffusion in the E. coli periplasm. However, we measured a GFP diffusion coefficient only slightly smaller in the periplasm than that in the cytoplasm, showing that both cell compartments are relatively fluid environments.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QR Microbiology|
|Journal or Publication Title:||JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY|
|Publisher:||AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY|
|Number of Pages:||7|
|Page Range:||pp. 3442-3448|
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