Distinctiveness models of memory and absolute identification : evidence for local, not global, effects
Neath, Ian, Brown, G. D. A., McCormack, Teresa, Chater, Nick and Freeman, Roderick. (2006) Distinctiveness models of memory and absolute identification : evidence for local, not global, effects. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, Vol.59 (No.1). pp. 121-135. ISSN 1747-0218Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470210500162086
Many models of memory assume that the probability of remembering an item is related to how distinctive that item is relative to all the other items in the set, with no distinction made between the contributions of near or far items. These "global" distinctiveness models do well in accounting for the ubiquitous serial position effects observed in numerous memory paradigms, including absolute identification. Here, we provide experimental confirmation of Bower's (1971) suggestion that, contrary to a fundamental prediction of global distinctiveness models, midseries items can be more discriminable than their immediate neighbours. We show that such data are consistent with a revised distinctiveness account in which the factor affecting discrimination performance is primarily the distinctiveness of an item relative to its close neighbours.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Psychology|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Memory, Psychology, Experimental|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology|
|Official Date:||January 2006|
|Number of Pages:||15|
|Page Range:||pp. 121-135|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||Purdue University, Economic and Social Research Council (Great Britain) (ESRC)|
|Grant number:||R000232576 (ESRC), R000239351 (ESRC)|
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