Depth gauging of defects using low frequency wideband Rayleigh waves
UNSPECIFIED. (2006) Depth gauging of defects using low frequency wideband Rayleigh waves. ULTRASONICS, 44 (1). pp. 93-98. ISSN 0041-624XFull text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ultras.2005.08.005
In non-destructive testing for cracks it is not sufficient to simply detect the presence of a defect, but it is essential to have an accurate measure of the depth. Accurate calibration of the techniques used to gauge defect size is therefore necessary. Recent progress in the field of non-contact ultrasonic testing has led to the development of a practically viable system for generating and detecting wideband Rayleigh waves on electrically conducting or magnetic samples using electro-magnetic acoustic transducers (EMATs). This system has been used to gauge the depth and position of surface breaking defects, and has many applications including metal billet testing and detecting and sizing gauge corner cracking in rails. In this paper we report experiments calibrating the response of EMATs when a defect is present between the generator and receiver, using a calibration sample with slots machined perpendicular to the surface to simulate surface breaking cracks. The depth of the defect can be gauged in the time domain and frequency domain, with an accurate 'fingerprint' of the position given by an enhancement of the signal when the receiver is close to the defect. The best choice of EMAT design for different applications is discussed, as is the best position for the receive EMAT to avoid areas of interference between the Rayleigh wave and bulk waves diffracted from the crack tip. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
|Journal or Publication Title:||ULTRASONICS|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV|
|Official Date:||January 2006|
|Number of Pages:||6|
|Page Range:||pp. 93-98|
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