Regulation and manipulation of the biosynthesis of abscisic acid, including the supply of xanthophyll precursors
UNSPECIFIED (2005) Regulation and manipulation of the biosynthesis of abscisic acid, including the supply of xanthophyll precursors. JOURNAL OF PLANT GROWTH REGULATION, 24 (4). pp. 253-273. ISSN 0721-7595Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00344-005-0070-6
Mutant plants deficient in the phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) are typically unable to control their stomatal behavior appropriately in response to water stress, leading to a "wilty" phenotype. In plant species showing strong seed dormancy, ABA deficiency of the seed results in a second clearly recognizable phenotype, that is, early germination. Mutants selected by means of this latter character are often collectively termed "viviparous." These two broad classes include mutants that are defective in their ability to synthesize ABA. A number of these genetic lesions have been assigned to specific steps in ABA biosynthesis and have been invaluable in elucidating many important features of the pathway. Most of the genes encoding ABA biosynthetic enzymes have now been cloned and their expression has been studied and manipulated. Genetically modified plants constitutively overexpressing ABA biosynthesis genes have been produced and analyzed over the last 6 years. In some cases these plants have been found to have elevated ABA concentrations, leading to altered stomatal behavior and increased seed dormancy. Genetic manipulation of ABA synthesis in photosynthetic tissues has been most effectively achieved through overexpression of the key rate-limiting biosynthetic enzyme 9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase, and downregulation of the major catabolic enzyme ABA 8'-hydroxylase. However in non-photosynthetic tissue manipulation of ABA synthesis is a more complex task because of the limiting supply of xanthophyll precursors. The recent cloning of genes encoding enzymes controlling important pathways of ABA catabolism has been reviewed elsewhere, and so only information relevant to the regulation and manipulation of ABA synthesis, including supply of xanthophyll precursors, is discussed in this review.
|Item Type:||Journal Item|
|Subjects:||S Agriculture > SB Plant culture|
|Journal or Publication Title:||JOURNAL OF PLANT GROWTH REGULATION|
|Number of Pages:||21|
|Page Range:||pp. 253-273|
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